By Ke Lu, Lidong Chen, Tianbai He, Qing Yan
As one of many eighteen field-specific reviews comprising the excellent scope of the strategic common document of the chinese language Academy of Sciences, this sub-report addresses long-range making plans for constructing technology and expertise within the box of complex fabrics technological know-how. They each one craft a roadmap for his or her sphere of improvement to 2050. of their entirety, the overall and sub-group reviews study the evolution and legislation governing the advance of technological know-how and expertise, describe the decisive impression of technology and expertise at the modernization strategy, are expecting that the area is at the eve of an imminent S&T revolution, and make contact with for China to be totally ready for this new around of S&T development. in line with the specific examine of the calls for on S&T innovation in China's modernization, the studies draw a framework for 8 easy and strategic platforms of socio-economic improvement with the help of technological know-how and expertise, determine China's S&T roadmaps for the suitable 8 simple and strategic platforms in response to China's fact, extra element S&T projects of strategic significance to China's modernization, and supply S&T decision-makers with complete consultations for the advance of S&T innovation in line with China's truth. Supported by means of illustrations and tables of knowledge, the experiences supply researchers, govt officers and marketers with tips touching on study instructions, the making plans technique, and funding.
Founded in 1949, the chinese language Academy of Sciences is the nation's optimum educational establishment in common sciences. Its significant tasks are to behavior learn in uncomplicated and technological sciences, to adopt national built-in surveys on ordinary assets and ecological setting, to supply the rustic with medical info and consultations for government's decision-making, to adopt government-assigned initiatives in regards to key S&T difficulties within the strategy of socio-economic improvement, to begin team of workers education, and to advertise China's high-tech businesses via its energetic engagement in those areas.
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Additional resources for Advanced Materials Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050
With environmental protection becoming a more prominent issue, governments and private companies are investing heavily in biodegradable polymer materials. Over the past 20 years China has seen tremendous growth in research on biodegradable polymers. The variety of bio-medical and environmentally-friendly polymers researched and developed in the country is not much less than the foreign counterpart, but few were invented by Chinese scientists. China in particular is far behind the advanced countries in biodegradable polymers based on renewable resources.
Nevertheless breakthroughs in the development of high performance steel products have been obtained over these years. For example, through the 973 Program (National Basic Research Program of China), the formation mechanism and control technologies of fine and ultra-fine grain steels based on deformation induced ferrite transformation have been established, and small scale industrialized trial-production of the fine grain steels has been realized. The output of raw aluminum in China is already the largest internationally, but China is far from having a strong aluminum industry.
3) Metal matrix composite materials have developed as an extension of metallic materials in China. The work on structure and interface of the metal matrix composite materials in China has now become close to the overseas advanced level. Reinforcements such as boron fibers, silicon carbide fibers and silicon carbide whiskers, which are used in metal matrix composite materials, have reached the international advanced level. Aluminum alloys (e. g. B/Al, SiC/ Al) strengthened by the continuous fibers have approached the American level of development, and aluminum alloys strengthened by whiskers and particles have been applied in practice.
Advanced Materials Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050 by Ke Lu, Lidong Chen, Tianbai He, Qing Yan