By Saint Basil of Caesarea
Basil of Caesarea is taken into account one of many architects of the Pro-Nicene Trinitarian doctrine followed on the Council of Constantinople in 381, which jap and western Christians to at the present time profess as "orthodox." Nowhere is his Trinitarian theology extra in actual fact expressed than in his first significant doctrinal paintings, opposed to Eunomius, complete in 364 or 365 CE. Responding to Eunomius, whose Apology gave renewed impetus to a practice of starkly subordinationist Trinitarian theology that will live on for many years, Basil's opposed to Eunomius displays the serious controversy raging at the moment between Christians around the Mediterranean international over who God is. during this treatise, Basil makes an attempt to articulate a theology either one of God's unitary essence and of the particular positive aspects that signify the daddy, Son, and Holy Spirit--a contrast that a few hail because the cornerstone of "Cappadocian" theology. In opposed to Eunomius, we see the conflict no longer easily of 2 dogmatic positions at the doctrine of the Trinity, yet of 2 essentially adverse theological equipment. Basil's treatise is as a lot approximately how theology must be performed and what humans can and can't find out about God because it is set the exposition of Trinitarian doctrine. therefore opposed to Eunomius marks a turning aspect within the Trinitarian debates of the fourth century, for the 1st time addressing the methodological and epistemological adjustments that gave upward push to theological ameliorations. Amidst the polemical vitriol of opposed to Eunomius is a decision to epistemological humility at the a part of the theologian, a decision to acknowledge the restrictions of even the easiest theology. whereas Basil subtle his theology during the process his occupation, opposed to Eunomius continues to be a testomony to his early theological improvement and a privileged window into the Trinitarian controversies of the mid-fourth century.
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Extra info for Against Eunomius (Fathers of the Church)
As this list shows, the sources of Basil's theology in Against Eunomius are eclectic. vis the sources of his own theology, Basil does name several notorious heretics when he 238. Eun. log. '43 First, Basil uses Origen quite selectively and prudently because theology had developed significantly in the century. that se~a rated Origen and Basil. Second, it is difficult to establIsh preCIS: textual reminiscences between the two authors. In most cases, It is impossible to determine whether Basil draws up~n Origen directly or through intermediate sources.
22. Third, Basil continually applies scriptural passages to Eunomius himself and his fellow Heteroousians. This sort of interpretation sees the scriptures as prefigurations or predictions of his opponents, their activities, and their attitudes. 21]? Wasn't it because they followed only what was apparent to their reasoning and refused to believe the proclamation of t~e ~pirit: Whom does Isaiah mourn for as lost? 237 231. Eun. 17. 232. Eun. 18. 233· Eun. 3-4. 234. Vaggione, 383-95, collects theologically significant passages of scnpture used by non-Nicenes.
5tic Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005), 355-411 at 407-8. INTRODUCTION matter. For Hiibner, Basil is intentionally rejecting the generic account of shared properties found in the broadly Aristotelian tradition that includes much of late ancient Platonism. This tradition accounted for shared properties among members of a kind by invoking an immaterial genus or species. When Basil uses the phrase "material substrate" in Against Eunomius, however, it is unclear whether he intends his readers to think of Stoic metaphysics as a suitable tool for describing the relation of the Son to the Father.
Against Eunomius (Fathers of the Church) by Saint Basil of Caesarea