By Gawdat Bahgat (auth.)
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Extra info for Alternative Energy in the Middle East
In pursuing this broad strategy, the government has sought to partner with the private sector and foreign companies and reduce its control over the energy sector. The success of this strategy is likely to reduce pollution and improve the country’s trade and budget deficits. The following sections provide a detailed analysis of this broad energy strategy. Fossil fuels Exploration for oil in Morocco started in late 1920s and the volume of production increased slowly in the following decades, but never matched those of North African neighbours.
Despite limited indigenous crude deposits, Morocco has well-developed refining industry. The two main refineries are the Societe Anonyme Marocaine de L’Industriele Raffinage at the port of Mohammedia and the Societe Cherifiennedes Petroles at Sidi Kacem. In addition to ‘traditional’ oil, oil shale has the potential to contribute to Morocco’s energy security. The country’s oil shale reserves are largely untapped and unutilized. Exploration for the recovery of oil shale started at Tangier with the creation of the Societe des Schistes Bitumineux de Tanger.
40 The lack of trust, indeed hostility, between the then world’s two superpowers and the general dynamics of the Cold War doomed 14 Alternative Energy in the Middle East the proposal. These dynamics prevailed in the ensuing decades until the dissolution of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s. Since the early 2000s the renewed global interest in nuclear power and the fact that several aspiring states are considering establishing their own national nuclear fuel cycle facilities have opened the door for more proposals to control nuclear technology and material.
Alternative Energy in the Middle East by Gawdat Bahgat (auth.)