J. W. Erisman's Atmospheric deposition in relation to acidification and PDF

By J. W. Erisman

ISBN-10: 044482247X

ISBN-13: 9780444822475

During this ebook the learn on atmospheric deposition of the Dutch precedence Programme on Acidification examine is summarised. even if so much learn defined is of Dutch beginning, it's been placed right into a broader standpoint through outlining the kingdom of data at the technique affecting atmospheric deposition in Europe. This has led to specific deposition maps for the Netherlands and Europe. the amount is meant should you degree or version atmospheric deposition and ecologists drawn to publicity from atmospheric deposition, in addition to policy-makers and scholars.

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It was suggested by Alway (1940) that part of the sulphur requirements of plants might be supplied by direct adsorption of SO2 by leaves (Chamberlain, 1980). He noted regions where sulphur was deficient due to winds carrying sulphur from sources seldom blowing their way. The first fumigation measurements of alfalfa were reported by Thomas et al. (1943) and Chamberlain (1980). The average rate of uptake derived from these experiments was about 1 cm s-~. It was found to depend on pH and fumigation time, and SO2 concentration.

Smith, 1872). The first wet deposition measurements of sulphur were probably made in 1868 by Freytag in Essen, 12 CHAPTER 1 GENERALINTRODUCTION Germany (Hasselhof and Lindau, 1903). Measurements in Manchester, England, were reported by Smith (1872). He describes the sampling and analysis of rain water as follows: 'A specimen taken in Greenheys field, half a mile from the extreme south-west of Manchester, wind blowing west, had a peculiar oily and bitter taste when freshly caught. A person to whom I gave some of it to taste supposed it had been put into a glass in which castor oil had been put.

G. , 1982). It was only 15 to 20 years ago that air pollution was assumed capable of causing effects not only close to sources. The most feared effects were those to humans because they were exposed to the highest concentrations of pollutants near to source areas (industry, cities). It was thought that the atmosphere was large enough to deal with the relatively low concentrations of pollutants emitted by anthropogenic activity. Furthermore, it was believed that the cleaning capacity of the atmosphere was thus that pollutants would be degraded fast and effectively.

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Atmospheric deposition in relation to acidification and eutrophication by J. W. Erisman

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