Download e-book for kindle: Bacterial Metabolism by Gerhard Gottschalk (auth.)

By Gerhard Gottschalk (auth.)

ISBN-10: 1461210720

ISBN-13: 9781461210726

ISBN-10: 1461270030

ISBN-13: 9781461270034

This concise but entire textual content surveys the sector of bacterial metabolism in phrases valuable to scholars and researchers. Emphasis is on these metabolic reactions happening simply in micro organism. hence, the e-book describes intimately the power metabolism of some of the teams of micro organism. additionally it examines pathways utilized by micro organism for the degradation of natural compounds, the synthesis of mobile consituents, the legislation of bacterial metabolism and the fixation of molecular nitrogen. the final association of the 1st version has been retained. in spite of the fact that, it's been completely revised and up-to-date in attractiveness of the quick growth of analysis during this box. Readers also will have fun with the elevated emphasis on membrane-associated techniques. From the assessment of the second one variation: "If there's a larger textbook in its fields, i am not conscious of it, and that i suppose the ebook merits a spot at the shelf of any critical pupil of microbiology." -ASM information

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Additional resources for Bacterial Metabolism

Example text

Through the work of Green, Racker, Lehninger, Chance, and others it is now known that there are three phosphorylation sites at the respiratory chain of mitochondria. Thus, three ADP can be phosphorylated per two electrons transferred from NADH to oxygen. The number of ADPs phosphorylated per atom oxygen is frequently expressed as the P:O ratio; in the mitochondrial chain it is 3 for NADH as electron donor and 2 for FADH z as electron donor. Even the sites of ATP formation are known: the dehydrogenation of NADH, the oxidation of cytochrome b, and the oxidation of cytochrome a (see Fig.

The first P: 0 ratios reported from studies of such vesicle preparations were generally below 1 and it was assumed that electron transport phosphorylation in bacteria is less efficient than in mitochondria. With improved methods, which largely prevented structural damage of the vesicles, it has been possible to obtain P: 0 ratios greater than 2 for a number of bacterial species. Thus it appears safe to conclude that at least some aerobic bacteria are able to oxidize NADH via the respiratory chain with a P: 0 ratio of 3; for E.

Structure of ATP synthase. The a and f3 subunits alone exhibit activity of ATP hydrolysis. For ATP synthesis they have to be attached to Fo via the y, e, and 0 subunits. _f-.... 16. Chemiosmotic theory of ATP synthesis. Oxidation of NADH via the respiratory chain leads to the extraction of protons from the cytoplasm. The loop mechanism and the Q cycle are indicated in the figure. A ~pH and a ~l/J are established. The protonmotive force is then used by the FoF 1 complex for ATP synthesis. of H+.

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Bacterial Metabolism by Gerhard Gottschalk (auth.)

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