By Albert N. Link, Alan C. O'Connor, Troy J. Scott
Electric force cars (EDVs) are obvious on American roads in expanding numbers. relating to this industry development and important for it to extend are advancements in battery know-how. Battery expertise for electrical autos examines intimately on the study help from the U.S. division of strength (DOE) for the improvement of nickel-metal-hydride (NiMH) and lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries utilized in EDVs. With public aid comes responsibility of the social results linked to public investments.
The publication overviews DOE investments in complex battery expertise, records the adoption of those batteries in EDVs at the highway, and calculates the industrial advantages linked to those greater applied sciences. It presents a close worldwide review of the web social advantages linked to DOEs investments, the result of the benefit-to-cost ratio of over 3.6-to-1, and the life-cycle procedure that permits followed EDVs to stay at the street over their anticipated destiny existence, hence producing fiscal and environmental wellbeing and fitness merits into the future.
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Extra resources for Battery technology for electric vehicles : public science and private innovation
28–31) provide a critical discussion of the Griliches/Mansfield approach. Drawing on Link and Scott (1998, 2010), alternative methodologies for an evaluation might be considered. Whereas the Griliches/Mansfield methodology takes the counterfactual to be the status-quo technology that prevailed prior to the new technology brought forth by public R&D investments, our approach takes into account the realistic possibility that the private sector would have made some progress even absent the public investment.
Chapter 3 summarizes the market adoption of NiMH and Li-ion battery technologies through the purchase of EDVs in the United States beginning in 1999. This summary then becomes the benchmark for the evaluation analysis that follows in later chapters. Notes 1 The discussion of specific barriers to innovation and technology by Link and Scott (2010, pp. 8–11) follows the foundational work of Kenneth Arrow (1962, p. ” 2 Potential buyers, for their part, may worry that the seller of a new technology may learn enough about the buyer’s operations that it could “back away from the transfer and instead enter the buyer’s industry as a technologically sophisticated competitor” (Link and Scott, 2010, p.
The new paradigm has several advantages for both government and the private sector. By treating the private sector as a partner in federal programs, government agencies can better incorporate feedback and [thus] focus programs. Moreover, the private sector as partner [emphasis added] approach allows the government to measure whether the programs are ultimately meeting their goals: increasing research efficiencies and effectiveness and developing and deploying new technologies. (OTP, 1996, pp. 4 illustrates this OTP view.
Battery technology for electric vehicles : public science and private innovation by Albert N. Link, Alan C. O'Connor, Troy J. Scott