Read e-book online Biodiesel Science and Technology: From Soil to Oil (Woodhead PDF

By J. C. J. Bart, N. Palmeri, S. Cavallaro

ISBN-10: 1439827303

ISBN-13: 9781439827307

Biodiesel construction is a speedily advancing box around the world, with biodiesel gasoline more and more getting used in compression ignition (diesel) engines. Biodiesel has been broadly studied and utilized in constructed international locations and is more and more being brought in constructing nations, in particular in areas with excessive power for sustainable biodiesel creation. Biodiesel technological know-how and expertise presents a complete reference at the technological advancements excited about bettering biodiesel caliber and creation means which are the most important to the way forward for the industry.This publication starts via systematically reviewing feedstock assets and vegetable oil formulations, together with the economics of vegetable oil conversion to diesel gasoline. It additionally covers rising strength vegetation for biodiesel creation. The e-book then discusses the transesterification method, together with chemical (catalysis) and biochemical (biocatalysis) tactics, with prolonged assurance of commercial approach expertise and keep an eye on equipment and criteria for biodiesel gasoline caliber coverage. ultimate chapters conceal the sustainability, functionality, and environmental problems with biodiesel creation in addition to routes to enhance glycerol derivative utilization and the advance of next-generation items.

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Extra info for Biodiesel Science and Technology: From Soil to Oil (Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy)

Sample text

Less than 5% of America’s energy is renewable. In the US, biofuels are being driven by a variety of regulations, including the US Department of Agriculture’s Federal Biobased Products Preferred Procurement Program (FB4P). The primary objective of the US Energy Policy Act (EPAct, 1992), administered by the Department of Energy (DOE), is to reduce US reliance on foreign oil by the promotion of alternative fuels. 15 Bgy of biofuel by 2005. 5 Bgy in 2012 out of total gasoline use of 130 Bgy (2007: 143 Bgy).

G. Brazil, France, Sweden). The Netherlands is the only European country without a biofuels programme. Even developing countries nowadays have energy policies which include the use of locally available biofuels. For example, 16 Biodiesel science and technology the regulatory framework for biodiesel production in Brazil is coordinated by Probiodiesel (Programa Brasileiro de Desenvolvimento Tecnológico de Biodiesel). Costa Rica intends to displace 25% of oil imports with renewable sources by 2010.

DuPont intends to produce 25% of its products from renewable sources by the year 2010. The Dutch chemical industry aims at halving its dependence on fossil raw materials within the next 25 years (Nederlandse Regiegroep Chemie). Shell 20 Biodiesel science and technology Oil intends providing 30% of the world’s chemical and energy needs by use of biomass by 2050. 3 Transformation of biomass The term biomass means any (biodegradable) organic matter, available on a renewable or recurring basis (excluding old-growth timber), including dedicated energy crops and trees, agricultural food residues, aquatic plants, wood and wood residues, animal wastes and other (industrial and municipal) waste materials that can be used in place of fossil-fuel sources to develop value-added products such as power, heat, industrial chemicals and consumer goods [48].

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Biodiesel Science and Technology: From Soil to Oil (Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy) by J. C. J. Bart, N. Palmeri, S. Cavallaro

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