By Ashok Pandey, Duu-Jong Lee, Yusuf Chisti, Carlos R. Soccol
This ebook offers in-depth info on simple and utilized points of biofuels construction from algae. It starts with an advent to the subject, and follows with the elemental medical facets of algal cultivation and its use for biofuels creation, akin to picture bioreactor engineering for microalgae construction, open tradition structures for biomass construction and the economics of biomass creation. It presents state of the art info on artificial biology methods for algae compatible for biofuels creation, by means of algal biomass harvesting, algal oils as fuels, biohydrogen construction from algae, formation/production of co-products, and extra. The e-book additionally covers issues resembling metabolic engineering and molecular biology for algae for gas creation, existence cycle evaluate and scale-up and commercialization. it's hugely important and enables you to plan new study and layout new economically practicable strategies for the creation of unpolluted fuels from algae.
- Covers in a accomplished yet concise method lots of the algae biomass conversion applied sciences at present available
- Lists the entire items made out of algae, i.e. biohydrogen, gas oils, etc., their homes and power uses
- Includes the economics of many of the techniques and the required steps for scaling them up
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Additional info for Biofuels from Algae
3 The Comparison of Five Leading Microalgae-Based Biofuel Companies—Cont’d Market 14-foot test ponds to 300foot, 1-million-liter production ponds. The green crude farm located in Columbus, NM, will have 300 cultivated acres. gallons per year of crude oil and consist of approximately 300 acres of algae cultivation ponds and processing facilities. The plan is to make 1 million gallons of diesel and jet fuel per year by 2011, 100 million gallons by 2018, and 1 billion gallons per year by 2025. Seambiotic 2003 Israel Biodiesel and bioethanol Seambiotic grows microalgal cultures in open ponds using flue gases such as carbon dioxide and nitrogen from a nearby coal plant as feedstocks.
Open ponds, raceway. Seambiotic’s Algae Plant in China was finished in late 2011 with raceway ponds on approximately 10 hectares. Seambiotic believes that this plant is able to produce enough algae biomass to convert into fuel at prices competitive with traditional fuel by 2012. Solazyme 2003 South San Francisco, USA Biodiesel Solazyme’s proprietary microalgae are heterotrophic, grow in the dark in fermenters, and are fed plant sugars. Standard industrial fermentation equipment. S. Navy. S. Department of Defense for production of up to 550,000 additional Continued 2.
The detailed descriptions of those cultivation systems are provided here. 2. 1 Vertical Column Photobioreactors A vertical column photobioreactor is made up of vertical tubing (glass or acrylic) that is transparent to allow the penetration of light for the autotrophic cultivation of microalgae. 2). Normally, no physical agitation system is implemented in the design of a vertical column photobioreactor. Vertical tubular 32 2. , 2008). Open Closed Culture System Prospects Limitations Ponds Relatively economical, easy to clean up after cultivation, good for mass cultivation of algae Little control of culture conditions, difficulty in growing algae cultures for long periods, poor productivity, occupy large land mass, limited to few strains of algae, cultures are easily contaminated Raceway Can be operated in a continuous mode.
Biofuels from Algae by Ashok Pandey, Duu-Jong Lee, Yusuf Chisti, Carlos R. Soccol