By Wynnetta Wimberley
In this e-book Wynnetta Wimberley addresses the usually missed challenge of melancholy in African American clergy, investigating the motives underlying this phenomenon whereas discussing attainable efficient paths ahead. traditionally, many African American pastors have needed to suppose a number of roles to be able to meet the desires of congregants impacted through societal oppression. end result of the enormous importance of the preacher within the African American spiritual culture, there exists one of those ‘cultural sacramentalization’ of the Black preacher, which units clergy up for failure via fostering isolation, hugely internalized and exterior expectancies, and a lack of self-awareness. using Donald Winnicott’s concept of the ‘true’ and ‘false’ self, Wimberley examines how melancholy can emerge from this psycho-socio-theological clash. while pastors are depressed, they're extra vulnerable to stumble upon problems of their own relationships. Drawing from a communal-contextual version of pastoral theology, this article bargains a therapeutically delicate reaction to African American clergy anguish with melancholy.
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Additional resources for Depression in African American Clergy
There is no denying the rich cultural heritage of traditional African and African American religions. Enslaved and freed Africans constructed for themselves hidden symbols, codes, meetings, and practices as a means of enduring the weighty burden of psychological and physiological terrorism of American southern slavery. They used traditional African religious practices as a form of social capital43 to combat the deleterious effects of oppression. Social capital is a term frequently used within the spheres of public health to describe how a group maximizes the strength of its human relationships to form social support networks that provide social control, collective efficacy, cohesion/bonding, and trust.
Oral praise, prayer and petition, and extemporaneous dance were rituals that enslaved and freed Africans used to obtain uninhibited, temporary relief from the weight of perpetual oppression. The first traditional African influence on black religion is found in the ritual of offering oral praise to God(s), which can be traced all the way 28 The “shout” in black religion comprises the embodiment of the Holy Spirit resting upon the believer in a manner which provokes a rhythmic physiological response, and that response may be demonstrated by dancing, running, leaping, clapping, spinning, rocking, the lifting and/or waving of the hands, patting of feet, glancing upwards, and so on.
Unchained Memories: Readings from the Slave Narratives (New York, NY: Bulfinch Press, 2003), 96. v. “trauma”. S. laws prohibiting such were “Portions of this chapter and Chapter 4 were previously published in the Journal of Pastoral Theology, 25, I, 18–29, 2015. Wynnetta Wimberley. com © The Author(s) 2016 W. 1057/978-1-349-94910-6_3 23 24 W. WIMBERLEY is largely a historical trauma and a response to the historical trauma of slavery. 4 A cursory review of the history of America reveals an unconscionable record of inhumane treatment toward (enslaved and freed) Africans and persons of African descent.
Depression in African American Clergy by Wynnetta Wimberley