By Randall Hansen
On July 20, 1944, Colonel Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg was once achieved within the courtyard of the 3rd Reich's army headquarters in Berlin for trying to assassinate Adolf Hitler. A member of the unsuccessful plot to overthrow the Nazi executive -- codenamed Operation Valkyrie -- Stauffenberg was once shot by means of a firing squad together with his co-conspirators, and their our bodies have been dumped in a shallow grave.
Most discussions of German resistance in the course of global battle II finish right here, with the failed July 20 plot and the next execution of its leaders. And but this was once faraway from the final act of disobedience performed opposed to the Nazi regime, as Randall Hansen finds in his interesting new publication. even though "resistance" as a dedication to regime switch all yet ended with Stauffenberg, Hansen exhibits that if we contemplate resistance as disobedience -- of orders to detonate a bridge, to damage a manufacturing facility, to wreck a harbor or to shield a urban to the final guy -- then a really varied photo emerges. Resistance-as-disobedience persisted, and certainly elevated, all through overdue 1944 and early 1945. And it had a extra profound and lasting fabric impression at the struggle and its aftermath than did the army resistance culminating in Stauffenberg's try out on Hitler's lifestyles. From the refusal to wreck Paris and key destinations in southern France to the unwillingness to enforce a scorched earth coverage on German soil, disobedience within the 3rd Reich manifested in different methods after 1944, and finally impacted the process the struggle by way of saving millions of Allied and German lives, maintaining offer traces open, and holding towns and infrastructure.
In a interval of thorough and from time to time fanatical obedience, the few circumstances of disobedience opposed to the Nazi regime develop into the entire extra awesome. contemplating quite a few kinds of oppostion around the Western entrance, Disobeying Hitler is an important contribution to the literature on German resistance.
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Additional resources for Disobeying Hitler: German Resistance After Valkyrie
41 Blumentritt then put in a call to Feldmarschall Günther von Kluge, who was at La Roche-Guyon. 42 Kluge’s chief of staff, Generalleutnant Hans Speidel, a close confidant to Rommel, answered. Speaking in a whisper and using 36 | disobeying hitler vague phrases (“something has happened in Berlin”) and context-free words (“dead”), Blumentritt tried to tell the story to Speidel. Speidel either did not or pretended not to understand. 43 At 16:00, after Blumentritt left, the phone rang at the Hotel Majestic on avenue Kléber in Paris, which housed Stülpnagel’s staff.
Stauffenberg left his briefcase under the table. In the windowed hut (a last-minute change of location from an airtight bunker), Generalleutnant Adolf Heusinger outlined for a furious Hitler the scale of the military disaster befalling Germany. An aide then stepped into the room and told Stauffenberg that there was a call for him. Leaving his briefcase, Stauffenberg departed. 2 Oberst Heinz Brandt’s leg was blown off. Regierungsrat Heinrich Berger, who had been standing just across from the briefcase, lost both legs.
It was time to act. Ju l y 2 0 , 1 9 4 4 w as a hot and humid day in the French capital. Stuffy air clogged Paris’s streets, and thunder cracked above them. That morning, Oberst Eberhard Finckh, deputy chief of General Staff West in Paris, was in his offices in the rue de Surène, not far from the Place de la Concorde and the Champs-Élysées. The telephone in Finckh’s office had been ringing nonstop all morning, and the voice on the other end always demanded the same: “Send us more munitions, more parts, more ammunition, more gasoline.
Disobeying Hitler: German Resistance After Valkyrie by Randall Hansen