By Hocine Bougdah, Stephen Sharples
This moment quantity within the applied sciences of structure series – the single sequence of books tuned to the architectural know-how syllabus – explores the environmental affects on construction layout. taking a look fairly at sustainable construction, a holistic view is taken, in order that the impact of anybody set of decisions on different parts – akin to the trade-off of daylighting opposed to thermal insulation, or the stability wanted among heating and air flow – usually are not ignored. The authors speak about to be had applied sciences for constructing an appropriate microclimate inside of constructions, for handling the transmission of sound and for minimizing the exploitation of scarce power and of alternative assets. utilizing the point of view of a dressmaker who wishes a valid medical foundation for arriving on the optimal final result, this valuably informative quantity is perfect for architectural know-how scholars, in addition to first and moment yr structure scholars.
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Additional info for Environment, Technology and Sustainability, Volume 2 (Technologies of Architecture)
The chart was expressed in terms of air temperature and relative humidity but also had lines representing the impact of wind speed and radiation. 4 shows an example of this chart for a person wearing 1 clo performing a sedentary activity in a warm climate. 4 is for a person in a shaded room with negligible air movement. If the prevailing external conditions were a dry bulb temperature of 15°C and 50 per cent RH then the person would not be experiencing thermal comfort as these co-ordinates are outside the comfort zone.
The former is more expensive but with improved performance. The latter costs less and has lower efﬁciency. Given the climatic conditions of the UK, there are two inherent problems with PVs. The ﬁrst one is the need for storage of excess output at times of high levels of solar radiation. The second one is the need for backup power at times of low solar availability. A way of overcoming this is to have grid-connected systems, which generate electricity and trade it in and out with the grid. At present the economic argument for PVs is not yet strong, given their low efﬁciency and high costs.
3). These images are easily photographed. com) which shows sun paths, outlines of obstructions and also allows solar radiation levels to be estimated. Another useful site approach is to transpose a vertical sun path on to a sheet of clear plastic and produce a solar site evaluator. By looking through the sheet both the sun paths and the site’s obstructions are visible. Lechner (2001) describes the construction of a solar site evaluator. Computer-based techniques Most energy simulation software and many CAD packages now come with some form of solar assessment.
Environment, Technology and Sustainability, Volume 2 (Technologies of Architecture) by Hocine Bougdah, Stephen Sharples