By Perry L. Miller M.D., Ph.D. (auth.)
Computer know-how has impacted the perform of drugs in dramatic methods. Imaging thoughts supply noninvasive instruments which regulate the diagnostic method. refined tracking apparatus provides new degrees of aspect for either sufferer administration and learn. In each one of these know-how functions, the com puter is embedded within the equipment; its presence is obvious to the person. there's additionally more and more functions within which the general practitioner at once interacts with a working laptop or computer. in lots of situations, those functions are restricted to administrative services, e.g., workplace perform administration, position of health center sufferers, appointments, and scheduling. however, there are also circumstances of sufferer care capabilities comparable to effects reporting, determination help, surveillance, and reminders. This sequence, desktops and medication, will concentration upon the direct use of infor mation structures because it pertains to the clinical group. After twenty-five years of experimentation and event, there are lots of validated purposes that are applied economically utilizing the present iteration of pcs. extra over, the falling fee of pcs means that there'll be much more broad use within the close to destiny. but there's a hole among present perform and the state-of the-art.
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Extra resources for Expert Critiquing Systems: Practice-Based Medical Consultation by Computer
2. What Is Artificial Intelligence? " A precise definition of artificial intelligence is not easily articulated. " Several qualifications, however, must be added to this defmition. 1. Any computer program that performs a purely numeric analysis, such as a payroll program, a statistical package, or a complicated scientific algorithm is not considered AI. 2. On the other hand, a number of sensory and motor skills that humans take for granted (and that animals share) involve the sophisticated utilization of realworld knowledge.
The three steps in ATTENDING's heuristic risk analysis. Evaluating Risk and Risk Tradeoffs 47 Examples of rough risk magnitudes are: 1. LOW. An example of a LOW risk is the use of the inhalational anesthetic enflurane in a patient with renal failure. Although there are theoretical reasons to avoid this, there are no documented cases where this has caused problems. 2. MODERATE. An example of a MODERATE risk is using morphine in a patient with asthma. Depending on the severity of the patient's asthma, morphine may provoke bronchospasm because it releases histamine.
Local vs. Global Plan Analysis. A significant limitation of the ATN model as used in ATTENDING is that the various subdecisions are assumed to be independent of one another. In other words, a subdecision made in one part of the plan is assumed not to affect decisions made elsewhere. In contrast, several nonmedical AI research projects have explored the problems of planning in domains where subplans do interact (Sacerdoti 1977; Steftk 1981). In such a domain, decisions cannot be analyzed independently of other parts of the plan.
Expert Critiquing Systems: Practice-Based Medical Consultation by Computer by Perry L. Miller M.D., Ph.D. (auth.)