By Naomi R Lamoreaux, Kenneth L Sokoloff
Even though technological switch is key for fiscal progress, the interplay of finance and technological innovation isn't studied. This pioneering quantity examines the ways that innovation is funded within the usa. In case experiences and theoretical discussions, top economists and financial historians research how inventors and technologically inventive marketers have raised cash for his or her initiatives at diverse phases of U.S. fiscal improvement, starting with the post-Civil struggle interval of the second one business Revolution. Their discussions aspect to exciting insights approximately how the character of the know-how could impression its financing and, conversely, how the provision of money impacts technological advances. those reviews express that over the lengthy background of yank technological development, inventors and innovators have proven substantial flexibility find how one can finance their paintings. they've got moved to towns to discover teams of neighborhood traders; they've got labored for giant businesses that may faucet the securities marketplace for money; they've got appeared to the government for examine and improvement investment; they usually were financed via the enterprise capital undefined. The stories make it transparent that equipment of investment innovation—whether it's within the car or details technology—have vital implications for either the course of technological switch and the aggressive dynamism of the economic system. Contributors: Ashish Arora, Marco Ceccagnoli, Wesley M. Cohen, Michael R. Darby, Lance E. Davis, Kira R. Fabrizio, Margaret Graham, Steven Klepper, Naomi R. Lamoreaux, Joshua Lerner, Margaret Levenstein, David C. Mowery, Larry Neal, Tom Nicholas, Mary O’Sullivan, Kenneth L. Sokoloff, Steven Usselman, Lynne G. Zucker
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Extra info for Financing Innovation in the United States, 1870 to Present
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Butler. 1999. Manufacturing the Future: A History of Western Electric. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Arora, Ashish, Andrea Fosfuri, and Alfonso Gambardella. 2001. Markets for Technology: The Economics of Innovation and Corporate Strategy. : MIT Press. Arrow, Kenneth J. 1962. ’’ In Universities–National Bureau Committee for Economic Research and the Committee on Economic Growth of the Social Science Research Council, The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity: Economic and Social Factors (609–625).
Financing Innovation in the United States, 1870 to Present by Naomi R Lamoreaux, Kenneth L Sokoloff