By J. E. Kaufmann
Between the realm wars, France developed an unlimited and complicated array of defenses designed to avoid German forces from penetrating the French heartland as that they had in the course of international struggle I. between those used to be the recognized Maginot Line, the final of the nice gun-bearing fortifications, yet France additionally outfitted defenses alongside its coasts and in its territories in North Africa. absolutely illustrated with photographs, maps, and drawings, fort France describes the layout and building of those fortifications, discusses French protecting doctrine and technique, and explains why those efforts proved not able to forestall the German assault within the spring of 1940.
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Extra info for Fortress France The Maginot Line and French Defenses in World War II
3) of the left flank of the RF of Lauter with the addition of the POs in two sectors, linking up with the Sarre sector and creating the Maginot Extension in the sector of Montmedy. The sector of Maubeuge received several POs, but three planned GOs were not built. In 1935, as work began on the New Fronts, the ouvrages of the Old Fronts were readied for action, and an almost continuous line of A T obstacles was set TABLE 2-3. Number of fortified sectors Maginot Extension RF of Metz RF of Lauter 1 Fortified sector 4 Fortified sectors 3 Fortified sectors THE MAGINOT LINE along the Maginot Line Proper (Hohnadel and Truttmann, Guide, pp.
An elevator installed in the artillery blocks transported the munitions from the lower level to the second. Spent casings from 75-mm and 135-mm rounds dropped into a room at the gallery level via a tobogganlike chute. In addition, artillery blocks had large M-2 magazines at the gallery level, which usually consisted of two chambers, and a smaller M-3 magazine. Ammunition containers were moved from the M-2 to the lifts along monorails attached to the ceiling. In the combat block above, the system of monorails continued, moving the containers to the M-3 and to the turret's monte-charge that carried the ammunition up to the guns or to the gun positions in casemates.
Hackenberg and Metrich are good examples of forts situated on very large, high hills (or mountains, depending on the definition of the terms). Anzeling had an inclined entrance because it occupied a low ridge that nonetheless dominated its surroundings. In the RF of Lauter, the GOs, with the exception of Four-au-Chaux and Schoenenbourg, had level entrances because the Vosges presented a much more dramatic relief than the area around Metz. This made it possible to select commanding sites for ouvrages with the optimum conditions required to create the most desirable features for the fortifications.
Fortress France The Maginot Line and French Defenses in World War II by J. E. Kaufmann