By Dushyant Shekhawat II, J.J. Spivey, David A Berry I
This book covers all facets of gasoline processing: primary chemistry, assorted modes of reforming, catalysts, catalyst deactivation, gasoline desulfurization, response engineering, novel reforming suggestions, thermodynamics, warmth and mass move concerns, process layout, contemporary study and improvement, etc., which makes it one unmarried resource of knowledge for scientists and engineers. It serves as an exceptional self-instruction publication for these new to gasoline cells, and as a complete source for specialists within the sector of gasoline processing. it may be used as a reference ebook for complicated point college classes during this area.Chapters written by way of specialists in each one areaExtensive bibliography helping every one chapterDetailed indexUp-to-date diagrams and entire color illustrations
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Extra info for Fuel Cells: Technologies for Fuel Processing
6. Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) The SOFC is viable for generating electricity from hydrocarbon fuels and being efficiently integrated with reformers. The higher operating temperature, from 700 C to 1000 C, allows internal reforming and promotes rapid kinetics with non-precious materials. The high temperature of the SOFC, however, places stringent requirements on its materials. 4 Tubular and planar cell configurations . 25 fabrication of ceramic structures has been a focus of research. The SOFC integrates well with large coal gasification plants that are able to take advantage of synergies to produce high efficiency, 99% CO2 capture, and low water consumption .
Kerosene was first manufactured in the 1850s from coal tar; hence the name coal oil is often applied to kerosene, but petroleum became the major source after 1859. From that time, the kerosene fraction is and has remained 39 a distillation fraction of petroleum. However, the quantity and quality vary with the type of crude oil, and although some crude oils yield excellent kerosene quite simply, others produce kerosene that requires substantial refining. Kerosene is a very stable product, and additives are not required to improve the quality.
Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC) The MCFC operates at w650 C (1200 F). The operating temperature range is very narrow. The high operating temperature is needed to achieve sufficient conductivity of its carbonate electrolyte yet allow the use of low-cost metal cell components. An effect associated with this high temperature is that noble metal catalysts are not required for the cell electrochemical oxidation and reduction processes. The higher operating temperature of MCFCs provides the opportunity for achieving higher overall system efficiencies (potential for heat rates below 7500 Btu/kWh) and greater flexibility in the use of available fuels.
Fuel Cells: Technologies for Fuel Processing by Dushyant Shekhawat II, J.J. Spivey, David A Berry I