By A. Kaul, J. H. Bernhardt, H. -M. Kramer (auth.), A. Kaul (eds.)
The quantity 'Medical Radiological Physics' is meant to supply the medical foundation of diagnostics and remedy in scientific radiology. the current Subvolume A reports radiation (both ionising and non-ionising) and its organic results, dosimetry in diagnostic radiology and radiotherapy, in addition to in nuclear scientific diagnostics and treatment, and, eventually, clinical radiological safeguard suitable for sufferers, body of workers and most people. not just basics but additionally uncomplicated info pertinent to the themes handled were accrued by means of various specialists of significant overseas renown.
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Extra info for Fundamentals and Data in Radiobiology, Radiation Biophysics, Dosimetry and Medical Radiological Protection
A generic model is given by ICRP for systemic activity. It describes excretion of activity directly from compartments representing the source organs instead of the physiologically more correct assumption that activity is transported back into blood and is excreted from there. In addition specifically elaborated socalled recycling models were developed by ICRP, for example for transfer of iodine in blood to the thyroid and subsequent transfer as organic iodine to other tissues and to blood again, and for physiological behaviour of iron within the body.
511 MeV each (adopted from [84Joh]). For the atomic cross section of pair production it holds a κ ∝ Z 2 ln Eγ . In the context of medical applications (Eγ < 30 MeV) pair production is only relevant in radiation protection since for human tissue (Z∼7) the probability of pair production is negligible (see also Fig. 11). 5 Photonuclear reaction When high energy photons are absorbed by the nucleus of an atom, neutrons or protons are emitted (via (γ,n)-reactions or (γ,p)-reactions, respectively) and a transmuted (often radioactive) nuclide is produced.
1 Introduction and Guide for the Reader 1-13 Anatomical models have first been developed as mathematical phantoms from simple ellipsoids, to age-dependent hermaphrodite phantoms of MIRD, consisting of principle organ phantoms in head and trunk, and most recently to female and male voxel phantoms on the basis of images of individuals, who were similar in height and weight to ICRP reference persons. Special dosimetric models for tissues and organs are those for the walls of the alimentary and respiratory tract and for trabecular and cortical bone surfaces as the target tissues.
Fundamentals and Data in Radiobiology, Radiation Biophysics, Dosimetry and Medical Radiological Protection by A. Kaul, J. H. Bernhardt, H. -M. Kramer (auth.), A. Kaul (eds.)