By Kenneth J. Panton
The final zone of a century, from 1979 to 2007, has been eventful for the uk of serious Britain and northern eire. The 12 months 1979 introduced significant adjustments to the uk, particularly whilst the political weather altered extensively with the arrival to energy of the Conservatives below Margaret Thatcher following the disastrous "Winter of Discontent," which was once characterised by way of fiscal woes and hard work unrest. In 1997, the political weather shifted once more while the recent Labour celebration received a landslide victory and the govt was once run by means of the left-leaning centrist, Tony Blair. The interval witnessed conflicts raging either at domestic and in another country, it observed the untimely dying of a princess, and, extra absolutely, the reemergence of the united kingdom economy.The old Dictionary of up to date uk seeks to offer the occasions, humans, and developments of the final 28 years and to assist clarify the present kingdom of the uk. wisdom of this can be very important to realizing the society, politics, personalities, and activities which are shaping the rustic instantly. this can be performed via a chronology courting from 1979 to the current, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and over seven hundred cross-referenced dictionary entries on major folks, areas, occasions, associations, and corporations, in addition to the political, fiscal, social, cultural, and non secular points.
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Additional info for Historical Dictionary of the Contemporary United Kingdom (Historical Dictionaries of Europe)
The Falklands provided a crucial catalyst that revitalized the Thatcher government. Buoyed up, Thatcher took on the Coal Miners Union in a bitter dispute that lasted more than a year and ended in bitter defeat for one of the last great nationalized industries, a symbol of the old heavy industry backbone of the United Kingdom. qxd 6 • 2/14/08 5:33 AM Page 6 INTRODUCTION embraced the special relationship with the United States with enthusiasm, working with President Ronald Reagan to help end the cold war and see the fall of communism in Eastern Europe.
Qxd 2/14/08 5:31 AM Page xxxi CHRONOLOGY • xxxi imprisoned for 20 years. 31 August: The Provisional Irish Republican Army announces its intention to cease “military operations” and participate in talks about Northern Ireland’s political future. 13 October: Loyalist paramilitary groups in Northern Ireland offer to end attacks against republican targets and to take part in discussions designed to bring permanent peace to Ulster. 20 October: The Guardian newspaper claims that Members of Parliament Neil Hamilton and Tim Smith received money from Mohammed Al-Fayed (owner of Harrods department store) in return for asking questions in the House of Commons; Smith admits accepting cash (though not in the way the paper described), but Hamilton launches a libel action that was withdrawn in 1996.
In reality, it is the government of the day, headed by the prime minister, that is vested with executive powers, and it operates under the constitutional authority of Parliament through the House of Commons, a 646-member elected body, and the review body that is the House of Lords. This system of an executive cabinet government, answerable to an elected parliamentary legislature, gives the United Kingdom a generally effective, stable, and strong government. The state of the nation in the winter of 1978–79 was crucial—the Labour government was barely able to cope with successive major union disputes (known then as the “English Disease”) amid the backdrop of a continued decline in industrial capacity, a world economy in recession, a weak currency, and falling confidence in the political standing of the United Kingdom in Europe and the international arena.
Historical Dictionary of the Contemporary United Kingdom (Historical Dictionaries of Europe) by Kenneth J. Panton