Read e-book online Iceland's Networked Society: Revealing How the Global PDF

By Tara Carter

ISBN-10: 9004289135

ISBN-13: 9789004289130

Associated through the politics of world exchange networks, Viking Age Europe was once a well-connected international. inside this fertile social setting, Iceland sarcastically has been casted as a marginal society too distant to take part in international affairs, and destined to dwell within the shadow of its extra winning neighbours. Drawing on new archaeological proof, Tara Carter demanding situations this view, arguing that by means of construction powerful social networks the 1st electorate of Iceland balanced considering globally whereas appearing in the community, growing the 1st cosmopolitan society within the North Atlantic. Iceland’s Networked Society asks us to re-evaluate how societies like Iceland can, even if situated on the margins of competing empires, stay energetic in a world political economic system and attain social complexity by itself phrases.

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1987). 61 Randsborg (1982). 62 Vésteinsson (2000a, 171). , 168. 64 Ibid. 65 Herlihy (1983); Sawyer (1988). 22 chapter 1 The Family Sagas hint at the social structure of the early society, describing this period as a time of heroism, honor, and friendship, with a system of checks and balances to suppress greed and to prevent any single individual from gaining too much power. By the mid-10th century, Iceland was divided into four þing (assembly) districts or administrative quarters: north, south, east, and west.

69 Under these circumstances, a chief could stand to profit by lending support to the claimant in a dispute. A chief could decide on the payment and was in a position to withhold support until promised a reward, which they could then use for subsidizing their own aggrandizement. The third source of wealth, price setting, is likewise a mixed enterprise. ”70 However, as the decision to bring goods to Iceland ultimately was made by foreign merchants, chiefs would not have been advised to set the prices too high or to develop a bad reputation among merchants.

Durrenberger (1990a); Jóhannesson (1974, 288). Durrenberger (1998); Vésteinsson (1998). See also Chapter 3 for a more in-depth discussion on the anthropomorphic changes made by the initial settlers and the long-term effects of these changes in Iceland. Jóhannesson (1974, 288). 59 In addition to rearing livestock, Icelanders relied on a flexible economy of both wild and domesticated resources. In comparison with their Scandinavian homeland, Iceland had fewer wild food resources. For example, there were no wild caribou or reindeer, although there were seal and walrus populations and large colonies of birds, especially puffins, in the island’s coastal waters, and its rivers teemed with a variety of fish.

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Iceland's Networked Society: Revealing How the Global Affairs of the Viking Age Created New Forms of Social Complexity by Tara Carter

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