By Antulio J. Echevarria II
Rapid and momentous technological alterations on the flip of the twentieth century compelled army execs and knowledgeable civilians to ascertain the way forward for conflict and struggle, specifically in the course of an age the place international locations came upon themselves aggressively competing for dominance at the international level. Antulio J. Echevarria II bargains a comparative research of those predictions to evaluate who obtained it correct and why. He concludes that pros have been relatively adept at predicting the battle of the speedy destiny by means of framing their discussions when it comes to fixing tactical difficulties, yet they have been less winning at taking into account the long term. Unburdened through the need of strategic problem-solving, expert amateurs have been allowed extra flexibility to visualize the long term way forward for conflict, and, now and then, proved to be remarkably accurate.
Echevarria organizes his research by way of evaluating visions of destiny wars on land, at sea, undersea, and in air. In every one example execs and amateurs had their very own special imaginings. one of the outstanding speculators incorporated during this booklet are technology fiction writer H.G. Wells and army theorist Ivan Bloch. This method of the research of conflict is a type of infrequent examples of a e-book which can entice and tell a large cross-section of readers.
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Extra info for Imagining Future War: The West's Technological Revolution and Visions of Wars to Come, 1880-1914
Another regiment lost 1,054 officers and men, 42 percent of its strength, during the same assault. Other Prussian battalions lost between 45 and 50 percent of their strength while assaulting the nearby village of Flavigny. By the end of the War Before the Great War 29 day, Prussian units had suffered some 15,780 casualties, and the French 2 13,760. One of the reasons for such high casualties was that the French augmented the rifle-fire of the chassepot with that of the mitrailleuse, a volley-fire weapon similar in function and design to the American Gatling gun.
Assaults against the second ring of defenses took place again and again. The pattern became familiar. Extended artillery bombardments were delivered by the attacker, followed by infantry assaults directed against key areas of the defense. The defender’s artillery, which had remained under cover during the attacker’s bombardment, would come to life and fire on the assaulting infantry, while the defender’s infantry would climb out of their holes, re-claim their fighting positions, and pour rifle and machine-gun fire into the advancing infantry.
If utopian themes were popular in the period’s literature, so were dystopian ones. Works representing this approach include Ignatius Donnelly’sCeasar’s Column: A Story of the Twentieth Century (1890), which portrayed a world where capitalism made life miserable for the working class. Similar fears are found in Jack London’s The Iron Heel (1907), which portrays a future dominated by socialism. G. Wells’ classic When the Sleeper Wakes (1899), revised and reissued as The Sleeper Awakes (1910), clearly borrows from both Looking Backward and Ceasar’s Column to portray a capitalistic dystopia which, despite the well-meaning efforts of a 20 powerful magnate, simply cannot be reformed.
Imagining Future War: The West's Technological Revolution and Visions of Wars to Come, 1880-1914 by Antulio J. Echevarria II