By Nelson, Vaughn; Starcher, Kenneth
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Extra resources for Introduction to bioenergy
Therefore, the first and primary objective of any energy policy must be conservation and efficiency, as that is the most economic use of a barrel of oil and less expensive than drilling for new oil. 1 Conservation Conservation means if you do not need it, do not turn it on or use it. President Carter’s admonition to reduce the thermostat setting and setting a speed limit of 55 mph were conservation measures. , in the California electrical crisis of 2000–2001) increase conservation, and the high price of gasoline in 2008 made more people consider fuel efficiency before they purchased a vehicle.
Mexico City is one of the largest cities in the world at 2 × 107 people. 3 × 109. How many new cities the size of Mexico City will have to be built to accommodate this increase in population? 29. OM: China has embarked on a policy regarding use of cars, from thousands in 1985 to millions on the road in 2015. Suppose China acquired the same number of cars per person as the United States. How much oil would China need per year? Compare that number with present annual oil production. Would there be a problem?
How many years is that? 3 × 109. How many people will there be on the Earth by the year 2050? Assume the present rate population growth as 1% per year. 5% per year, how much longer would it take to reach the same population as in problem 16 for the year 2050? 18. OM: The most economical size of nuclear power plants is around 1000 MW. How many nuclear power plants would have to be built in the United States over the next 50 years to meet the long-term historical growth of 7% per year in demand for electricity?
Introduction to bioenergy by Nelson, Vaughn; Starcher, Kenneth