By Robert Lyman
The occasions in Iraq in 1941 had the most important strategic outcomes. The country's oil reserves have been a hugely coveted prize for the Axis powers, and its place supplied a hall within the defence of Palestine and the Suez Canal. Had Iraq fallen to the Axis powers, Britain can have misplaced its foothold within the center East and the Mediterranean and risked wasting global conflict II (1939-1945). This ebook examines the method and strategies of the Iraq crusade, the position of the Indian military and the Arab Legion, the character of expeditionary battle and the complementary roles of air and land power.
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Additional info for Iraq 1941: The battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad (Campaign, Volume 165)
What became later known as the Bering Sea was reached by 1649, and Kamchatka Peninsula was conquered in 1697. The Russians may have been the first to sight Alaska, in 1732, when the explorers Fedorov and Gvozdev are said to have reached Cape Prince of Wales on 18 THE PARTITION OF KOREA AFTER WORLD WAR II the eastern shore of the Bering Strait. The Russian expansion south along the river Amur provoked the Chinese, leading to skirmishes between the two sides that were halted only by the Treaty of Nerchinsk in 1680, mediated by two Jesuit priests.
Why, then, was trusteeship considered to be an appropriate solution for Korea by Roosevelt and the other Allied leaders? There are two components to answering this question apart from the obvious one of Korea’s status as a territory detached from an enemy state at the end of World War II: namely, her status as a nation considered to be at a relatively high level of development and her historical significance as a buffer state for her neighboring Great Powers. The first consideration was made in light of the objective facts of Korea’s history, namely her long history as an independent state prior to her annexation by Japan in 1910 and the presence of official diplomatic relationships prior to 1905 between Korea and Powers such as the United States, Russia, and Britain.
The second component, namely Korea’s importance as a buffer state, seems like an obvious consideration but one that has not been given adequate attention in this connection. Roosevelt apparently thought that, given the historical rivalries between the neighboring Great Powers over Korea (China vs. Japan, Russia vs. ), a trusteeship administered jointly by his four great policemen (the United States, USSR, Britain, and China) would be a way to prevent a recurrence of such rivalries leading again to war, as such a collective trusteeship would presumably put an end to the old politics of spheres of influence and balance of power over the Korean peninsula.
Iraq 1941: The battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad (Campaign, Volume 165) by Robert Lyman