Read e-book online Jacquard's Web: How a Hand-Loom Led to the Birth of the PDF

By James Essinger

ISBN-10: 0191517259

ISBN-13: 9780191517259

ISBN-10: 0192805789

ISBN-13: 9780192805782

Circuits from silk? cutting-edge technophiles most likely do not know how a lot trendy laptop know-how owes to the discovery of 1 ingenuous fabric producer in nineteenth-century France. the following, grasp storyteller James Essinger exhibits via a chain of outstanding and meticulously researched historic connections how the Jacquard loom kick-started a strategy of clinical evolution which might lead on to the advance of the trendy computer.Jacquard's 1804 invention, a loom which used punch playing cards with kept directions for weaving diversified styles and designs, enabled the grasp silk-weavers of Lyons to weave materials 25 instances speedier than the contest. the following, Essinger finds the plethora of remarkable hyperlinks among that innovation in weaving and cutting-edge machine age, introducing us to the interesting and colourful those that cleared the path. The publication concludes by means of bringing the tale thoroughly up to date with the newest advancements on this planet huge net and the interesting phenomenon of man-made intelligence.Attractively illustrated and compellingly narrated, Jacquard's net offers an eye-opening and scarcely identified historical past that would end up interesting to readers of well known technology, specifically these attracted to the heritage of technology, expertise, and computing, in addition to expert scientists, historians, and scholars.

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Additional resources for Jacquard's Web: How a Hand-Loom Led to the Birth of the Information Age

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But with a reversal of loyalties that was as dramatic as it was sensible, he and his son adopted false names and joined the Revolutionary army. The precise nature of Jacquard’s military career is in some doubt, but it is known that he progressed to an officer rank within a few months of joining. One source claims Jacquard occupied a high rank in the military government of the German city of Worms after the Revolutionaries overran it in 1797, but there is no evidence to confirm this story. Of course, if Jacquard were using a false name at the time, no evidence is likely ever to come to light.

As well as the workshop and apartment in Lyons, there was a productive vineyard and even some quarries at the nearby village of Couzonau-Mont-d’Or. In keeping with the tradition of the times, his only surviving son Joseph, now twenty years old, inherited everything. After Jean-Charles’s death, Jacquard worked half-heartedly at his father’s trade, but without much success. He kept himself largely by living off his dwindling capital, never a good idea. On 23 Jacquard’s Web 26 July 1778 he married a young woman named Claudine Boichon.

The crucial point to understand is that the precise array of raised or stationary rods (and corresponding raised or stationary 35 Jacquard’s Web warp threads) could be different for every single line of weaving. Each punched card controlled the raising of the warp threads for a particular colour of weft thread in a row of weaving. Cards could be used more than once in the same row when the design required repetition. The punched cards would all need to be processed in precisely the right sequence.

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Jacquard's Web: How a Hand-Loom Led to the Birth of the Information Age by James Essinger

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