Stephen Turnbull's Japanese Castles AD 250-1540 PDF

By Stephen Turnbull

ISBN-10: 1846032539

ISBN-13: 9781846032530

Известный эксперт Стивен Тернбулл анализирует замки построеные в Японии, с первых примитивных укреплений в Yayoi период (300 до н.э.-250 н.э.) до первых замков, которые были разработаны с приходом к власти в Ямато суда первым императором Японии примерно в 250. Изучены тесные связи, что японские династии были как Китайские и Корейские, Тернбулла оценивает замки как японские оборонительные сооружения, что выдает влияние Китая и Кореи. Также рассмотрена местность в Японии по фортификации - с самого начала упора на палисады и развитие деревянного замки, зачастую расположеных на вершинах гор, до более сложных каменных сооружений в 15-м веке. Наконец, появление каменных башен, которые так характерны для самурая, а также постепенная адаптация японских замков для огнестрельного оружия. Здесь есть ранее неопубликованные фотографии автора, частные коллекции цветного изображения, в том числе подробные cutaways, что делает эту книгу важным руководством к увлекательному изучению японских замков.Релиз от группы R.G Japan специально для

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Asher, Jana, David L. Banks, and Fritz Scheuren. 2007. Statistical Methods for Human Rights. New York: Springer. Ball, Patrick, et al. 2002. Killings and Refugee Flow in Kosovo, March–June 1999: A Report to the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia. Washington, DC: American Association for the Advancement of Science/American Bar Association Central and East European Law Initiative. , and Paul D. Williams. 2011. “The new politics of protection? ” International Affairs 87(4): 825–50.

Statistical analyses using multiple systems estimation—drawing on the survey and other data—provided complementary information on patterns and causes of mortality over time (see chapter 9 by Manrique-Vallier, Price, and Gohdes in this volume). In this light, civilian casualty estimates represent more than just technical efforts to get accurate numbers. Rather, they enable individuals to understand the nature and causes of a conflict and the roles that various actors played in it. Accurate numbers, produced in transparent ways, with candid acknowledgments of potential error and limits can reduce the chance of politically determined figures becoming social facts.

Millennium Report of the Secretary-General of the United Nations. New York: United Nations Department of Public Information. United Nations General Assembly. 2005. ” A/RES/60/1. October 24. United Nations Security Council. 2011. Resolution 1973. S/Res/1973. March 17. 28 Who Counts? Uppsala Conflict Data Program. se/research/ucdp/program_overview/ about_ucdp/ (accessed July 9, 2012). , and Eric Stover. 2004. ” In My Neighbor, My Enemy: Justice and Community in the Aftermath of Mass Atrocity, edited by Eric Stover and Harvey M.

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Japanese Castles AD 250-1540 by Stephen Turnbull

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