By Stephen Turnbull, Peter Dennis
From the tenth century onwards the nice jap monastic foundations of Nara and Mount Hiei maintained huge armies of warlike clergymen. The tempestuous political rivalries that constructed among the several orders of clergymen and religiously encouraged laymen ensured that their temples and monasteries needed to be securely sited and robustly defended. This books recreates those huge, immense fortified monasteries and temples, tracing their improvement from the tenth century via to the Sengoku Jidai interval and the increase of the ability of the shogunate lower than Tokugawa Ieyasu.
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Extra info for Japanese Fortified Temples and Monasteries AD 710-1602
Joining the NPFL would give them a gun and a certain measure of protection. In this way, the NPFL beneﬁted from the mistakes of the government army. Second, concerning the interests of the factions, the following can be observed. First, political issues – in particular, who should rule the country – were important bones of contention among the protagonists in the war. The political domain was deﬁned in negative terms of ‘no more Doe and his clique’. Taylor had the ambition of replacing Doe and becoming president of Liberia.
ULIMO managed to drive the NPFL out of most of the western part of Liberia. Under severe military pressure, Taylor agreed to a ceaseﬁre in Cotonou, Benin, on 31 July 1993. ECOWAS had again applied pressure on Taylor’s regional backers to persuade them to end their support. 64 Soldiers from Tanzania and Uganda were sent to strengthen the ECOMOG troops. From March 1994 the ECOMOG forces started deploying throughout Liberia. After the Cotonou agreement a new interim government was established, the Liberian National Transitional Government (LNTG).
The chapter will conclude with some preliminary observations on the conﬂict. The protagonists The National Patriotic Front of Liberia and Charles Taylor The men forming the National Patriotic Front (NPFL) had gathered in neighbouring states, and Charles Taylor managed to bring these dissidents of diverse stock together in an invasion force. The NPFL had several UStrained soldiers in its ranks. Among them, Elmer Johnson, who led the operations in the ﬁeld, had served as a US Marines paramedic in the 1982 Grenada invasion, and Prince Johnson, a Gio, who later was to leave the NPFL, had also trained with the US Marines and had served in the Liberian military.
Japanese Fortified Temples and Monasteries AD 710-1602 by Stephen Turnbull, Peter Dennis