By Alan J. Avery-Peck, Jacob Neusner
This quantity treats the interrelationship among Judaism and Christianity from the 1st centuries and into smooth instances, paying specific awareness to those faiths social, cultural, and theological interactions. the problems coated diversity from the formation of Jewish and Christian ideology within the context of Roman paganism to the ways that Christian tradition and theology of the medieval and glossy classes shape a backdrop to the production of Jewish identification. whereas the historic classes and matters mentioned are assorted, the result's to signify the significance of our spotting the shut improvement of Judaism and Christianity. Written through best students in Judaic and Christian reports, those essays contemplate how the 2 faiths concerning and have been formed via one another as they advanced in shared ancient and cultural contexts, while every one maintained its personal certain ideologies and ideology.
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Additional info for Judaism and Christianity: New Directions for Dialogue and Understanding
54 The story of the promise made to Abraham and Sarah at the terebinths of Mamre (Gen. 18) serves as early as the fifth century as a prototype for the annunciation to Mary at S. Maria Maggiore. It appears in combination with the binding of Isaac at S. Vitale at Ravenna in the sixth century. In contrast, the synagogue mosaics express the Jewish national religious message in various symbols: the architectural facade, the seven-branched candelabra, the shofar, the etrog, the lulav, and the mahta symbolized redemption and the rebuilding of the Temple.
Note that in Christian art, too, there is symbolic treatment of the covenant. Thus the figure of Moses serves as a symbol of the Old Testament, and Jeremiah was a symbol of the New Testament. The two figures are placed on either side of a mosaic of the promise to Abraham and the binding of Isaac at the church of S. Vitale. A didactic message, then, is present in the complex of depictions in the iconographic array in the mosaics (at Beth Alpha and Sepphoris it is even indicated by the caption explaining the pictures).
Augustine, op. , pp. 49–72, 135–136. 49 M. , pp. 13–22. 50 It is of no wonder that these passages were censored in most editions of the Talmud. T. Herford, Christianity in Talmud and Midrash (London, 1903), pp. , 51 I thank Dr. R. Ben-Shalom for drawing my attention to these texts. , pp. 53ff. 48 MOSAICS AS MIDRASH 25 The cessation of the Temple service had not reduced its status, since Judaism had accepted that worship of God in the Temple was only one mode of divine service. The Jews continued to make the pilgrimage to Jerusalem on the Ninth of Ab and perhaps on other occasions too.
Judaism and Christianity: New Directions for Dialogue and Understanding by Alan J. Avery-Peck, Jacob Neusner