What are the ethical duties of contributors and bystanders during—and within the wake of –a clash? How have theoretical understandings of justice, peace and accountability replaced within the face of latest realities of struggle? Drawing at the paintings of prime students within the fields of philosophy, political idea, foreign legislation, spiritual experiences and peace reports, the gathering considerably advances present literature on conflict, justice and post-conflict reconciliation. members deal with essentially the most urgent problems with overseas and civil clash, together with the strain among attributing person and collective accountability for the wrongs of struggle, the trade-offs made among the quest for fact and calls for for justice, and the conceptual intricacies of coming to appreciate simply what's intended by way of ‘peace’ and ‘conflict.’ person essays additionally deal with concrete themes together with the overseas legal courtroom, reparations, truces, political apologies, fact commissions and legal trials, with a watch to modern examples from conflicts within the heart East, Africa and North and South America.
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Extra resources for Justice, Responsibility and Reconciliation in the Wake of Conflict (Boston Studies in Philosophy, Religion and Public Life, Volume 1)
It’s physical. It’s emotional. For some, it’s spiritual. Some say it’s endorphins or adrenaline; some say it’s rage, or hate, or joy. Some say it’s safety – the knowledge that someone is watching out for you. It’s different for everyone, but it’s always there. For me, the rush is mostly exhilaration. It’s a feeling of invulnerability. ’ as I spun the turret and looked for the shooter. The first time I got blown up, I had to remind myself to get up and look around for the trigger man, or possible gunmen set to take advantage of the confusion.
For Kennan, “containment,” the term he became famous for, was mainly a cultural, diplomatic project. ” Tragically, Secretary of Defense Forrestal, who initially encouraged Kennan to rewrite his telegram as an essay for Foreign Affairs, badly misread his protégé’s argument. Focusing exclusively on the discussion of the unbridgeable ideological difference between the Soviets and Americans, he concluded that the Soviets were, by definition, an enemy and had to be met with equal force anywhere they made military headway.
27 War is appealing because it provides an outlet for our aggressive instincts. “Men are not gentle creatures who want to be loved, and who at the most can defend themselves if they are attacked,” Freud notes in Civilization and its Discontents. He continues, famously, bleakly: “they are, on the contrary, creatures among whose instinctual endowments is to be reckoned a powerful share of aggressiveness. As a result, their neighbor is for them not only a potential helper or sexual object, but also someone who tempts them to satisfy their aggressiveness on him, to exploit his capacity for work without compensation, to use him sexually without his consent, to seize his possessions, to humiliate him, to cause him pain, to torture and to kill him.
Justice, Responsibility and Reconciliation in the Wake of Conflict (Boston Studies in Philosophy, Religion and Public Life, Volume 1)