By C van Tilburg
The 1st ebook to ever study old Roman site visitors, this well-illustrated quantity seems intimately on the building of Roman highway, and reviews the myriad of street clients of the Roman Empire: civilians, wagons and animals, the cursus publicus, advertisement use and the military. via this exam, Cornelis van Tilburg finds a lot of city making plans in historical towns: the slim paths of older towns, and the broader, chessboard-patterned streets designed to maintain heavy site visitors. He discusses toll issues and town gates as measures taken to abate site visitors, and concludes with a dialogue as to why the neighborhood governments' makes an attempt to manage the site visitors stream neglected their pursuits of bettering the infrastructure. This publication will curiosity any pupil, pupil or fanatic in Roman background and tradition.
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Additional info for Land Transport and Traffic Policy in the Roman Empire
262 This was also the case with the wide streets in Rhodes and Alexandria connecting the 30 ROA D S harbour basins, but the extremely wide streets of 30 to 40 m seem to me to be designed as a status symbol. An example of such a southern city with wide and narrow streets is Pompeii. The oldest part of the city (districts VII and VIII) shows a disorderly pattern of small, winding streets; the other districts are planned and have straight streets. In these districts we also find the widest streets: Via di Mercurio (the former cardo) has a width of 32 feet; Via di Nola and Via dell’Abbondanza (the decumani) 28 feet; and Via di Stabia (the later cardo) about 24 feet.
Widths of streets The situation regarding streets in cities is the same as that for roads: there were streets wide enough for parking wagons, without affecting passing wagons, and there were streets too narrow for a wagon at all. In general, one can conclude that narrow streets occur in older cities, chaotically planned cities and cities with a hot climate. Wide streets occur mostly in later cities, cities situated in a cooler climate and cities planned with a chessboard pattern. Some cities in the south obviously also have wide streets and some streets in northern cities are narrow.
The following layer called rudus is like the statumen layer, but contains fewer stones and more mortar. The thickness of the rudus is 30–50 cm. Statumen and rudus form, in fact, the foundation of the road. In absorbing groundwater, the mortar will harden. This hardening function also encompasses the following layer, the nucleus. This layer has even more mortar and fewer stones and has a thickness of about 30 cm. The upper layer, pavimentum or summum dorsum, is the road surface, paved with stones or gravel, and has a thickness of 20–40 cm.
Land Transport and Traffic Policy in the Roman Empire by C van Tilburg