By Reuven Firestone, James L. Heft, Omid Safi
Confident interreligious discussion is barely a contemporary phenomenon. until eventually the 19th century, so much discussion between believers was once carried on as a debate aimed both to disprove the claims of the opposite, or to transform the opposite to one's personal culture. on the finish of the 19th century, Protestant Christian missionaries of alternative denominations had created one of these cacophony among themselves within the venture fields that they determined that it'd be most sensible in the event that they may well start to conquer their very own adjustments rather than complicated or even scandalizing the folks whom they have been attempting to convert. via the center of the 20th century, the horrors of the Holocaust forced Christians, in particular mainline Protestants and Catholics, to go into right into a severe discussion with Jews, one of many results of which used to be the elimination of claims by way of Christians to have changed Judaism, and revising textual content books that communicated that message to Christian believers.
Now, first and foremost of the twenty-first century, many branches of Christianity, now not least the Catholic Church, are engaged in a world-wide optimistic discussion with Muslims, made all of the extra precious via the terrorist assaults of September eleven. In those new conversations, Muslim non secular leaders took a massive initiative after they despatched their record, ''A universal note among Us,'' to all Christians within the West. it truly is a unprecedented record, for it makes a theological argument (various Christians within the West, together with officers on the Vatican, have claimed ''theological conversation'' with Muslims isn't really attainable) in response to texts drawn from the Hebrew Bible, the hot testomony and the Qur'an, that Jewish, Christian, and Muslim believers proportion the God-given legal responsibility to like God and every different in peace and justice.
The Institute for complicated Catholic reports introduced jointly a world crew of 16 Jewish, Catholic, and Muslim students to hold on an enormous theological exploration of the subject of ''learned ignorance.''
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Additional info for Learned Ignorance: Intellectual Humility among Jews, Christians and Muslims
Introduction: Learned Ignorance ■ 19 17. See Robert Mickens, “Mixed Reaction to Saudi Olive Branch,” in The Tablet, July 26, 2008, p. 36. 18. Nobel laureate Amartya Sen’s book, The Argumentative Indian: Writings on Indian History, Culture and Identity (Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2005), describes the same “Beit Hillel” kind of respect for opposing views in Indian religious culture and identity, citing examples from the Bhagawad Gita (Krishna and Arjuna debating whether to participate in a certain war) and a debate in the Rig Veda (on the existence of God and whether to participate in a certain war) where the arguments of the “losing” side are preserved and respected.
A serendipitous invitation, as it turned out, because I knew nothing of Islam, and anyone familiar with interfaith exchange knows how rare it was to include Muslims in those early days. So after a summer learning how adherents of each of the Abrahamic faiths tried to live out their traditions, I spent four months in a 92 percent Muslim country. ” Returning to Notre Dame, I was preoccupied with executing our strategies regarding Judaica studies as well as developing my own appreciation of Judaism, but Islam had touched my heart.
Fortunately, we did not have to make use of our backup plan. 8. Bradford E. Hinze and Irfan A. , Heirs of Abraham: the Future of Muslim, Jewish and Christian Relations (Orbis Books, 2005). 9. Hinze describes the many trialogues from the 1970s to the beginning of the new millennium (see pp. 7–15), in which individuals (such as Leonard Swidler, the editor of the Journal of Ecumenical Studies, and Eugene Fisher, long time staff member of the United States Conference of Bishops, now retired), as well as universities and organizations (especially Georgetown University and the American Academy of Religion) have fostered interreligious dialogue among Jews, Christians and Muslims.
Learned Ignorance: Intellectual Humility among Jews, Christians and Muslims by Reuven Firestone, James L. Heft, Omid Safi