By Crawford Gribben and David George Mullan
During the 20th century Scottish literary reviews used to be ruled via a serious consensus addressing the modern anti-Catholic surroundings which led to a re-reading of the Reformation. This consensus observed the substitute of a wealthy medieval tradition with a Protestant anti-aesthetic tyranny of lifestyles and letters. for this reason, Scottish literature has always been outlined towards the Calvinism to which it often returns. but, because the essays during this assortment express, the sort of consensus appears to be like more and more untenable in gentle either one of fresh study and a extra distinct survey of Scottish literature. This assortment launches a full-scale reconsideration of the sequence of relationships among literature and reformation in early smooth Scotland. prior scholarship during this quarter has tended to brush aside the literary price of the writing of the interval - principally as a response to its commonplace theological pursuits. as a substitute the essays during this quantity make stronger contemporary paintings that demanding situations the obtained scholarly consensus by means of taking those pursuits heavily, the quantity agues for the significance of this religiously oriented writing, in the course of the adoption of a sequence of interdisciplinary techniques. prepared chronologically the gathering concentrates on significant authors and texts whereas enticing with a few modern serious concerns and so highlighting, for instance, writing via girls within the interval. It addresses the troubles of historians, theologians and historians who've often permitted the proven examining of this era of literary background in Scotland and gives a greatly new interpretation of the complicated relationships among literature and spiritual reform in early smooth Scotland.
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Extra resources for Literature and the Scottish Reformation (St Andrews Studies in Reformation History)
See also David George Mullan, ‘Masked Popery and Pyrrhonian Uncertainty: The Early Scottish Covenanters on Arminianism’, Journal of Religious History, 21 (1997), pp. 159–77. g. pp. 70–72. 91 Clare Jackson, Restoration Scotland, 1660–1690 (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2003), pp. 92 As Independents, Quakers, and then in the 1720s Glassites, would demonstrate, English and Scottish magisterial Protestantism – the primary Reformation heritage – generated longings which could not be satisfied within a Presbyterian church committed to the traditional bonds of church, state, and society; which is to say, in Troeltschian terms, churchtype Presbyterianism produced various sect-type species which rejected traditional definitions of those linkages.
Right from 1520, with the papal bull Exsurge Domine, the emerging Protestantism under Luther’s pre-eminent leadership found itself backed into a corner by a hostile papacy, and the Saxon reformer’s hyperbolic reaction drove a wedge deep into western Christianity. As medieval commentators had already done, the Reformers took up the language of the New Testament about the Antichrist and applied it to the papacy. They identified themselves as the faithful ones, the remnant, the righteous prophets who suffered for their obedience to God; the pope was in league with the devil, and now sat on the seven hills as the whore of Babylon, leading the people to perdition and making martyrs of the godly.
Writing the Scottish Reformation 33 Hus in Bohemia. When listing the Lollard articles he wonders whether they actually held to all the 20 points – Knox, followed by Calderwood, gives 34 – and in any event, ‘granting that they held the same, we are not to wonder that in the first breaking up of the light, men saw not the truth in every point, considering the darkness and gross ignorance of preceding times’,53 an apologetic tone found first in Knox and also in Calderwood. So it is clear that Spottiswood affirms the ecclesiastical renewal heralded by the Reformation, and tells at length the stories of some of the martyrs, particularly George Wishart.
Literature and the Scottish Reformation (St Andrews Studies in Reformation History) by Crawford Gribben and David George Mullan