Macroeconomic Risk Management Against Natural Disasters: - download pdf or read online

By Stefan Hochrainer

ISBN-10: 3835005944

ISBN-13: 9783835005945

Average failures reason enormous financial harm. whereas built international locations are likely to be capable of do something about the affects of common dangers, constructing nations are confronted with serious results for his or her assets. on the way to hinder long term macroeconomic repercussions, governments want a accomplished catastrophe rick administration procedure.

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Factors which can be seen as measures of economic development are the degree of sectoral, geographical and financial integration, levels of economic speciafization and government revenue raising capabilities. Even though least developed economies are perceived as most vulnerable, economic development per se may not reduce vulnerability (Anderson 1995: 52, Benson and Clay 2004: 18). g. nonrenewable), effluent production, production of dangerous substances and invention of dangerous techniques, population growth, the use of marginal land and urbanization (Anderson 1995).

Physical vulnerability can be measured by the employment of damage matrixes, loss distribution functions, or fragihty or vulnerabihty indices which relate the intensity of a phenomenon (the hazard) to the degree of harm or damage. For example vulnerability curves for different housing constructions for different impacts of an earthquake can be obtained by simulation or be based on empirical data (Altay et al. 2002, Erdik and Aydmoglu 2003). Economic vulnerability on the macro- and micro level can be measured by indices or a combination of indices (Murlidharan 2003: 23).

The growth rates accelerated during the two years following the disaster in 30 cases and 21 cases respectively (Charveriat 2000: 18). Crowards (1999) found similar results. He studied 22 cases of hurricanes occurring between 1970 and 1997 in Caribbean Development Bank's borrowing member countries and found that GDP growth slowed down by 3% on average in the year of the disaster and rebounded by 3% in the subsequent years (however, looking at the median would yield probable different results because of they wide deviation of the average).

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Macroeconomic Risk Management Against Natural Disasters: Analysis focused on governments in developing countries by Stefan Hochrainer


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