New PDF release: Method and practice in biological anthropology: a workbook

By Samantha M. Hens

ISBN-10: 0133825868

ISBN-13: 9780133825862

A invaluable source for you organic Anthropology lab technique and perform in organic Anthropology: A Workbook and Laboratory guide for Introductory classes enhances a wide selection of introductory point laboratory classes in organic anthropology. It simply services with a well-equipped laboratory, or it can be used as a chief resource of pictures and/or workouts, supplying optimal flexibility to fit such a lot laboratory environments. The booklet is equipped into 4 sections, to mirror the association of the common introductory organic anthropology path: genetics and evolution, the human skeleton, non human primates, and our fossil ancestors. MySearchLab is part of the Hens software. learn and writing instruments, together with entry to educational journals, aid scholars discover organic anthropology in even better intensity. to supply scholars with flexibility, scholars can obtain the eText to a pill utilizing the unfastened Pearson eText app. be aware:

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Extra resources for Method and practice in biological anthropology: a workbook and laboratory manual for introductory courses

Example text

In meiosis II, each daughter cell now divides, resulting in four daughter cells total. In the nucleus, the sister chromatids separate, with one strand going into each daughter cell. This division is similar to mitosis. The result is four daughter cells, with half the number of original chromosomes (23 each). In the male, this process is referred to as spermatogenesis and produces four sperm cells. In the female, this process is called oogenesis and produces one egg cell and three polar bodies. While the nuclear divisions provide all four cells with 23 chromosomes each, the egg cell receives all the cell contents from the cytokenesis, while the polar bodies disintegrate.

Which is the control group? Did the experiment produce data that supports the hypothesis? Exercise 3 An experiment is done to test the effect of a high-fat diet on mice. In all, 50 weanling mice are separated at random into two groups of 25 each. At the start of the experiment all mice weigh approximately the same amount, about 20 g. Group 1 is fed a normal diet with balanced amounts of protein, carbohydrates, vitamin supplements, and fat. Group 2 is fed the same amount of protein, carbohydrates, and vitamin supplements but is given a much higher fat content.

Permissions Department, One Lake Street, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 or you may fax your request to 201-236-3290. Many of the designations by manufacturers and seller to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this book, and the publisher was aware of a trademark claim, the designations have been printed in initial caps or all caps. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 ISBN 10: 0-13-382586-8 ISBN 13: 978-0-13-382586-2 Contents Preface ix Acknowledgments xi About the Author xii 1 The Scientific Method 1 The Nature of Science 2 The Scientific Method 3 Experimental Design 4 The Research Article 8 Science and Religion 9 2 Cell Biology and DNA 12 Cells and Cell Structure 13 Chromosome Structure 14 Cell Division 17 Recombination (Crossing Over) 19 DNA Structure and Function 20 3 Principles of Inheritance 28 The Basic Principles of Inheritance 29 Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance 31 Punnett Squares 32 Incomplete Dominance, Codominance, and Sex-Linked Inheritance 34 Mendelian Traits in Humans 36 Dihybrid Crosses 38 Ethics and The Future 40 4 Human Variation: Blood Groups and Pedigree Analysis 44 Blood Types and Blood Typing 45 Determining Parentage 47 Pedigree Analysis 48 DNA Fingerprinting 51 5 The Hardy–Weinberg Principle: Genetics of Populations 55 Evolution, Populations, and the Hardy–Weinberg Principle 56 Forces of Evolution (Evolutionary Agents) 60 6 Introduction to the Human Skeleton 66 Introduction 67 The Skeletal System 67 Bone Structure 69 Directional Terminology 72 Body Movements 74 7 The Axial Skeleton 79 Introduction 80 The Skull 80 The Vertebral Column 89 The Thorax 97 8 The Appendicular Skeleton 99 Introduction 100 The Pectoral Girdle 100 The Upper Limb 102 The Pelvic Girdle 106 The Lower Limb 108 9 Forensic Anthropology and Bioarchaeology 116 Human Skeletal Variation 117 Osteometry: Postcranial Measurements 118 Osteometry: Cranial Measurements 121 Indices 124 Sex Determination 127 Population Affinity: Ancestry or Race 131 Age at Death Estimation: Juvenile 133 Age at Death Estimation: Adult 136 Trauma Analysis 142 Pathology 145 10 Primate Classification 157 Introduction 158 Taxonomy and Phylogeny 160 Primate Taxonomy 161 11 Comparative Primate Anatomy 180 Introduction 181 Locomotion 181 Sexual Dimorphism 188 Primate Dentition and Diet 189 Social Structure 191 12 Primate Behavior 198 Primate Sociality 199 Primate Communication 203 Primate Intelligence 204 Observing Living Primates 205 13 The Bipedal Adaptation and Our Earliest Ancestors 213 Recognizing the Hominini 214 Bipedal Morphology 218 The Earliest Possible Hominins 222 The Australopithecines 224 14 The Rise of the Genus Homo 240 The Earliest Members of Our Genus 241 Stone Tools 247 15 Later Homo and Modern Human Origins 253 Anatomical Moderns 254 Archaic Homo Sapiens 254 Late Archaic Homo Sapiens: The Neanderthals 257 The Rise of Modern Humans 260 Stone Tools and Cultural Behavior 262 16 Modern Human Variation: Biomedical Anthropology, Anthropometry, and Adaptation 267 Anthropometry 268 Human Adaptation 274 The Thermal Environment 275 Glossary 280 Bibliography 294 Credits 297 Index 300 Preface Welcome!

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Method and practice in biological anthropology: a workbook and laboratory manual for introductory courses by Samantha M. Hens

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