By Rick A. Adams, Scott C. Pedersen
The examine of animal improvement has deep historic roots in codifying the sphere of evolutionary biology. within the Forties, evolutionary conception turned engulfed by way of microevolutionary genetic research and improvement turned all for mechanisms, leaving behind the evolutionary implications of ontogeny. lately, ontogeny has resurfaced as an important component to evolutionary switch, inhabitants, and neighborhood dynamics. Ontogeny, useful Ecology and Evolution of Bats is a special reference paintings via bat biologists who emphasize the significance of realizing ontogeny within the research of evolution and ecology. moreover, the developmental underpinnings of specialised morphology, body structure, and behaviour are elucidated, and the robust impression of ecology at the ontological area of interest of youngster bats is illustrated. This e-book is a vital reference for bat biologists, and all these operating within the fields of ecology, developmental biology, evolution, habit, and systematics.
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Extra info for Ontogeny, Functional Ecology, and Evolution of Bats
Antrozoidae comprises two species of gleaning insectivores, Antrozous pallidus and Bauerus dubaiquercus. In contrast, Molossidae (including Tomopeatinae) is a diverse group of fast-ﬂying aerial insectivores that currently includes over 13 genera and 80 species (Koopman 1993; Sudman et al. 1994). Monophyly of Molossidae (including Tomopeatinae) is strongly supported by morphological data (Fig. 2; 31 32 n. b. simmons Simmons 1998; Simmons & Geisler 1998). Phylogenetic relationships within Molossidae have been investigated using morphometrics (Freeman 1981), discrete morphological characters (Legendre 1984, 1985; Hand 1990), allozymes (Sudman et al.
Noctilionoidea is traditionally viewed as containing three families: Noctilionidae, Mormoopidae, and Phyllostomidae. Relationships among these groups remains Bat phylogeny and evolution somewhat problematic. Simmons (1998) and Simmons & Geisler (1998) found weak support for a sister-group relationship between Mormoopidae and Noctilionidae (Fig. ’s (1998) analysis (Fig. 3) strongly supported a sister-group relationship between Mormoopidae and Phyllostomidae. Relationships within Emballonuridae Emballonuridae is a pantropical/subtropical group that includes 13 extant genera and over 45 species (Koopman 1993).
B. simmons to suggest that ‘nectarivory must have evolved several times among pteropodids, and not always by following the same morphological trajectory’ (Kirsch & Lapointe 1997: 328). Dietary habits are not the only behavioral traits that have been investigated in a phylogenetic context. Ideas about the evolution of major echolocation strategies have long been informed by phylogenetic hypotheses. , Pye 1980; Simmons 1980; Simmons & Stein 1980; Fenton et al. 1995; Simmons & Geisler 1998). , directionality of change) rather than as a phylogeny.
Ontogeny, Functional Ecology, and Evolution of Bats by Rick A. Adams, Scott C. Pedersen