By Gordon Rottman
The U.S. military and Marine Corps in international battle II thought of themselves hugely cellular, offensive forces. Their mobile-warfare doctrine estimated box fortifications and stumbling blocks as transitority in nature. accordingly, their layout used to be basic and made use of neighborhood fabrics, and so they can be built relatively quick, while nonetheless offering enough safety. by the point of the Korean warfare, basically minor adjustments were made to box fortification building and format, and to small-unit association, guns, and strategies. This name addresses box fortifications equipped by way of US soldiers in the course of global battle II and in Korea, and covers rifle-platoon positions, trenches, crew-served weapon positions, bunkers, dugouts, shelters, commentary posts and anti-tank stumbling blocks.
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Additional resources for Osprey Fortress 029 - US World War II And Korean War Field Fortifications 1941-1953
50-cal. was mounted on the standard M3 tripod fitted with the Ml elevator cradle. From 1945 the M63 mount was available. This was a lower mount and it was set on a 4ft-diameter platform surrounded by a 2-3ft-deep circular trench. 50-cal. M2 watercooled machine gun was provided with an M2, M2A1 or M3 AA tripod. Intended mainly for air defense, this position called for a minimum 8ft inside diameter, and above ground a 4ft-high parapet at least 3ft thick. The parapet could be made of sandbags, piled earth, rocks (preferably lined and topped with sandbags), or earth-filled 90mm AA gun ammunition boxes.
The sides were vertical, if soil stability permitted, so as to present as small an area as possible to airbursts and strafing. Little in the way of plans and instructions were provided for troop shelters that could be easily constructed in the forward areas by combat troops. Plans The right and wrong way to stack sandbag revetments. In practice they were more usually incorrectly stacked, often haphazardly. 43 RIGHT Crawl trenches were used to connect forward foxholes emplacements. The minimum dimensions are shown, and these offered little protection.
A more quickly dug 60mm position comprised two one-man foxholes dug in a "V" pattern with the "point" oriented to the front and separated by 3ft. The mortar was set up between the two holes on ground level and the spoil piled in the circular parapet. Other members of the five- (60mm) and eight-man (81mm) crews dug one-man foxholes, prone shelters, or special trenches near the position. Pits were dug to the tear for additional ammunition. In actual combat mortars were more often simply emplaced behind any available defiladed cover that offered protection from observation and fire from the front: gullies, wide ditches, road or railroad cuts, depressions, behind buildings, embankments, walls, brush or tree lines, reverse slopes of hills, and so on.
Osprey Fortress 029 - US World War II And Korean War Field Fortifications 1941-1953 by Gordon Rottman