Read e-book online Planning of interconnected power systems considering PDF

By Carlos J. Zapata

ISBN-10: 9586955540

ISBN-13: 9789586955546

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A random process is time homogeneous if its probability density function f (x) does not change during t. The opposite is true for a non-homogeneous random process. Homogeneous and stationary are interchangeable terms because: (i) If f (x) does not change during t then E[x] and Var[x] are constant during this period; and (ii) if E[x] and Var[x] are constant during t, it is necessary that f (x) does not change during this period. Non-homogeneous and non-stationary are also interchangeable terms. A distribution is a mathematical model for a stationary random process in which t does not explicitly appear.

As it can be seen there is no tendency in any case. Similarly, RP are always stationary because they are defined on the basis of the distribution of inter-arrival times. Thus, Thompson [15] points out that an RP cannot model component aging and discusses this misconception. 1); as it can produce increasing or decreasing failure rates depending on the kind of distribution or in accordance with the value of its shape parameter, it is believed (or, more precisely, misbelieved) that this is a natural property of some distributions.

In real life, however, repair teams also have to repair the lowvoltage components, a fact that causes an important demand on repair resources. Moreover, reliability surveys shows that in some power distribution systems the low-voltage components are the ones that fail more frequently. 3. 2. For this queuing system the following is defined: • Clients: Failures which produce service interruptions and have to be repaired by crews. 2. Queuing model of the repair process in a service territory of a power distribution system • Resources: The number of crews in the zone.

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Planning of interconnected power systems considering security under cascading outages and catastrophic failures by Carlos J. Zapata


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