By Ashok Pandey, Sangeeta Negi, Parmeswaran Binod, Christian Larroche
Pretreatment of Biomass offers basic details, easy info, and data on some of the most promising renewable power sources—biomass for his or her pretreatment—which is among the so much crucial and significant elements of biomass-based strategies improvement. the hunt to make the surroundings greener, much less polluted, and no more harmful has resulted in the idea that of biorefineries for constructing bio-based tactics and items utilizing biomass as a feedstock. each one form of biomass calls for a few form of pretreatment to make it compatible for bioprocess. This e-book offers state-of-art info at the equipment at the moment on hand for this.
This e-book offers data-based clinical info at the such a lot complicated and leading edge pretreatment of lignocellulosic and algal biomass for extra processing. Pretreatment of biomass is taken into account the most dear steps within the total processing in a biomass-to-biofuel application. With the powerful development in constructing lignocellulose biomass- and algal biomass-based biorefineries, international concentration has been on constructing pretreatment tools and applied sciences which are technically and economically possible. This booklet presents a accomplished review of the most recent advancements in equipment used for the pretreatment of biomass. a whole part is dedicated to the tools and applied sciences of algal biomass end result of the expanding international recognition of its use.
- Provides info at the such a lot complex and cutting edge pretreatament techniques and applied sciences for biomass
- Covers info on lignocellulosic and algal biomass to paintings at the rules of biorefinery
- Useful for researchers aspiring to examine scale-up
- Provides details on integration of approaches and applied sciences for the pretreatment of biomass
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Additional resources for Pretreatment of Biomass: Processes and Technologies
Cell growth and ethanol production rates are recovered after the complete conversion of furan aldehydes into less toxic chemical forms. Furfural is more toxic than HMF when compared at an equimolar concentration [124,141]. The conversion of HMF into less toxic compounds by microorganisms during fermentation is slower than that of furfural. Therefore, the inhibition effect of HMF on microorganisms lasts longer than furfural [142,143]. 2 Weak Acids Weak organic acids are generally recognized as natural antimicrobials, and they contain a carboxyl functional group .
To balance the intracellular charge level, cells pump out anionic acids or reduce other intracellular anions such as amino acids. Glutamate, aspartate, lysine, arginine, glutamine and methionine were found to be at lower concentrations if weak acid was added to medium. 3 Phenolics and Other Inhibitory Compounds in Pretreated Lignocellulose Various aromatics and phenolics are found in lignocellulosic hydrolysates. Most of these are released from the hydrolytic or oxidative cleavage of lignin, and some of them are generated by sugar degradation during pretreatment or are released from extractives of lignocellulose [116,118,121].
LIGNOCELLULOSIC BIOMASS 46 3. ACIDIC PRETREATMENT  Aden A, Ruth M, Ibsen K, Jechura J, Neeves K, Sheehan J, et al. Lignocellulosic biomass to ethanol process design and economics utilizing co-current dilute acid prehydrolysis and enzymatic hydrolysis current and futuristic scenarios for corn stover. Golden (CO, USA): National Renewable Energy Laboratory; 2002.  Kazi FK, Fortman JA, Anex RP, Hsu DD, Aden A, Dutta A, et al. Techno-economic comparison of process technologies for biochemical ethanol production from corn stover.
Pretreatment of Biomass: Processes and Technologies by Ashok Pandey, Sangeeta Negi, Parmeswaran Binod, Christian Larroche