By John Ziman
In contrast to such a lot different related books, this systematic, rigorously reasoned, non-technical research of the character and importance of clinical wisdom opens tips on how to reconciliation within the 'science wars'. by way of describing how educational scientists really adopt examine and speak their findings, it exhibits that the philosophy, psychology and sociology of technological know-how are inextricably entwined, and that 'realism' and 'relativism' are only aspects of a similar coin. The writing is well-informed, down-to-earth and lucid.
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Extra resources for Real Science: What it Is and What it Means
8 Academic science as a culture Pure, non-instrumental science turns out to be an elusive concept. For policy purposes, it is only a residual category. As a body of knowledge, it is not especially fundamental. It is not always the product of personal curiosity. And yet we have no difﬁculty in talking about it, and describing some of its typical features. We have a distinct image of an ideal type, even though we cannot target its essence. This is where naturalism comes to our aid. Pure science, like science in general, is a recognizable natural kind.
This institution is not only governed 35 36 Academic science by various other norms, it is also a major inﬂuence on the way that scientists deal with one another, gain their livelihood and plan their careers. For this reason, the scientiﬁc culture is very sensitive to attempts to bypass its traditional channels of communication52. That is why, for example, there are such strong objections to the disclosure of an important discovery in a press release before it has been accepted for publication in a scientiﬁc journal.
The historical evidence points in the opposite direction. The modern institutional form of science reﬂects and harmonizes with the democratic (or perhaps oligarchic) pluralism of the society in which it typically arose and is largely embedded18. It would overload our inquiry to pursue it back into the past. But we know that science has changed remarkably in the course of a few centuries. Although we are analysing it as we ﬁnd it today, our study must be framed in time. Unfortunately, this boundary cannot be attached to an obvious historical discontinuity.
Real Science: What it Is and What it Means by John Ziman