By Arthur J. Arberry
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30; cf. A. S. Tritton, op. , p . 24. 69 A. J . Wensinck, op. cit, p . 86. 70 Moh. Ben Cheneb in Encyclopaedia of Islam, ii, p. 432. 71 In his al-Ibāna, quoted by A. J . McCarthy, The Theology of al-Ash'arī, pp. 237–8. 72 A. J . Wensinck, op. , p. 73. 73 See above. 74 A. J . Wensinck, op. , p . 77; see J . W. Sweetman, op. , ii, p. 117. 75 H. A. R. Gibb, Mohammedanism, pp. 111–2. 76 See for instance R. Bell, Introduction to the Qur'ān, p. 37; for a sounder exposition see J . W. Sweetman, op. , ii, p.
51 Indeed his full-blooded description of the heavenly reward makes the Neoplatonist conception of some austere union with the Active Intellect seem a little anaemic by comparison. To challenge the verbal accuracy of such passages in the Koran as Sura LV 46–61: O O O O O O But such as fears the Station of his Lord, for them shall be two gardens— which of your Lord's bounties will you and you abounding in branches— which of your Lord's bounties will you and you therein two fountains of running water— which of your Lord's bounties will you and you therein of every fruit two kinds— which of your Lord's bounties will you and you reclining upon couches lined with brocade, the fruits of the gardens nigh to gather— which of your Lord's bounties will you and you therein maidens restraining their glances, untouched before them by any man or jinn— which of your Lord's bounties will you and you deny ?
84. 94 Koran xxiv 37. 95 Koran ii 182. 96 See al-Kharrāz, The Book of Truthfulness (tr. A. J . Arberry), p . 48. 97 See al-Kalābādhī, The Doctrine of the Sufis (tr. A. J . Arberry), pp. 48–9. 98 Plotinus, Enneads, v 11. 99 See R. A. Nicholson, The Idea of Personality in Islam, p . 4 1 . , pp. 43–4. 101 See al-Kalābādhī, op. , p. 137. 1 The identification of wisdom with philosophy seemed the simplest step in the world to take; and we need not therefore be too surprised to find al-Kindī (d. ca. 256/870) beginning his famous letter to the caliph al-Mu'ta im with an en thusiastic defence of his trade—after all the traditionists, the lawyers and the theologians were accustomed to doing the same.
Revelation and Reason in Islam by Arthur J. Arberry