Read e-book online Secret Instructions of the jesuits PDF

By W. C. Brownlee

ISBN-10: 117756176X

ISBN-13: 9781177561761

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Two brothers, cousins of Honorius, determined to oppose Constantine and, raising an army from the slaves on their estates, they attempted to seize the passes over the Pyrenees, cutting Spain off from the rest of the usurper's empire. This probably occurred early in 409. Constantine sent his son Constans, a former monk whom he had elevated to the rank of Caesar, or junior emperor, together with his British general Gerontius and an army of barbarian mercenaries, to suppress this resistance. s Constantine and Constans, who became co-emperor with his father in 409 or 410, seem to have had little faith in the regular units of the army stationed in Spain, who appear to have taken no part at all in the struggle with Didymus and Verinianus, and they decided to replace them in guarding the crucial Pyrenean passes with units of barbarian troops of unspecified origin known as the honoriaci.

7 As it had been usual in the fourth century for Spain to follow the lead of Gaul in terms of political adherence, it is no surprise 16 EARLY MEDIEVAL SPAIN to find that by 409 the peninsula had also become attached to Constantine's new empire, and that its magistrates had voluntarily accepted his authority. The immediate lack of resistance to the usurper in Spain proved, however, to be short-lived. The legitimate imperial dynasty, the Theodosians, represented at that time in the west by the emperor Honorius (395-423), was Spanish in origin, and members of the family still lived in the peninsula.

It can hardly be coincidental that the following year was to see a massive Visigothic intervention in Spain, and it is quite conceivable that a free hand in this direction may well have been the price exacted for their support of Avitus. The emperor was apparently a personal friend of Theoderic II, and the new alliance between the Visigoths and the Gallic aristocracy necessitated the maintenance of a status quo in Aquitaine. Thus the obvious direction for the Visigothic king to channel his ambitions was southwards into Spain, where the breaking of the peace by the Sueves in 455 meant that any intervention there would be with the support of Rome.

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Secret Instructions of the jesuits by W. C. Brownlee


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