By Graham Scambler
This can be a succinct and complete account of the modern sociology of game. It starts off via tracing the major ‘moments’ within the transition from pre-modern to fashionable activity, giving precise money owed of the athletic pageant within the historic video games at Olympia; the genesis of contemporary track-and-field athletics in nineteenth-century England; and the reconstruction by way of de Coubertin and unfolding of the Olympic circulate in the course of the 20th century. the second one part analyses gains of activity intimately: The hyperlinks among workout, activity and healthiness, together with a glance at growing to be premiums of weight problems and of the position of drug use in society and activity The hyper-commodification of soccer within the Nineteen Nineties Representations of activity within the media activities iconography, with sociological pictures of Muhammad Ali and David Beckham The re-emergence of violence in game The 3rd part seriously analyses some of the theoretical ways followed via sociologists, and provides a particular new theoretical framework for knowing the altering function of recreation in society within the period of world disorganized capitalism. this can be key interpreting for college students and researchers in sociology of activity and relaxation, recreation technological know-how and well-being.
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Extra info for Sport and Society (Issues in Society)
The first phase, they contend, took place in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries and saw the radical transformation of pastimes such as cricket, fox-hunting, horse-racing and boxing; while the second phase occurred during the early and mid-nineteenth century and witnessed soccer, rugby, tennis and track-and-field athletics adopting modern formats. 1. His third phase of sportization is also pertinent to aspects of this chapter: it covers the period from the late nineteenth to the early twentieth centuries and represents the ‘take-off’ and differential diffusion of ‘English sports’ to continental Europe and to what Maguire and colleagues (2002: 10) refer to as ‘both the formal and informal British Empire’.
The return from this investment was political and commercial. There has been a good deal of speculation about the value of the prizes available to athletes. It is possible that prizes of value were given at Olympia prior to 752 BC, when the olive wreath was first introduced; after this date, although no prizes of material worth were awarded to victors at 22 History and Sport the games, there is no doubt that an Olympic victory guaranteed future financial well-being. Nor did the Greeks have any objection to material rewards.
As he was about to land, he swung his arms backward, just like a modern jumper. (Robertson, 1988: 17) Once again there are few recordings of distances jumped. The Greeks rarely maintained records of either times or distances achieved in athletic competition, their interest being confined to victory/failure. But one longjump success was documented: the same Phaullos who managed a meagre 30 metres, or 95 feet, with the discus is said to have jumped a staggering 55 feet in the long-jump! In the mid-nineteenth century some English athletes experimented with weights and claimed to have jumped 30 feet, but there are strong doubts about the reliability of these claims.
Sport and Society (Issues in Society) by Graham Scambler