By Debra Johnson
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Extra info for Strategy and Policy for Trans-European Networks
Developing infrastructure that meets purely national needs is not only anachronistic but increasingly self-defeating. In particular, the degree of interaction between states is such that it is increasingly unlikely that any large-scale infrastructure project will have purely national effects. In political terms, these efforts are a classic example of neo-functionalist spillover which offers a coherent rationale for a direct challenge to the process of national control over infrastructure especially where there is a clear international dimension.
2 – deﬁnes two sets of conditions in which there is interaction between government (and policymaking stakeholders) and the commercial developers of infrastructure. • Pre-competitive interaction: this involves interaction between government bodies and network providers at the pre-competitive stage of network development. Potential interactions include direct and indirect support for research and technological development of new network technologies or support for education and training. They could also cover some of the sunk costs involved in network development; • Market interaction: this could involve direct and/or indirect intervention in the market with or without the collaboration of the network provider.
The CTP, as conﬁgured in the Treaty of Rome, meant less focus on national needs, a shift in control from states to markets and a reduction of total control of states over the transport system. The Commission rationalised such challenges on the premise that if infrastructure and networks were to be aligned, then more harmonious conditions for transport had to be developed across the continent. The CTP stressed that states needed to look beyond their own borders and recognise the spillover effects of domestic infrastructure on other states.
Strategy and Policy for Trans-European Networks by Debra Johnson