By Volkmar Lauber
Renewable strength has loved quite sturdy - and infrequently outstanding - progress lately, particularly photovoltaics and wind; however it might be tough to maintain such premiums of diffusion on a world foundation. A extra whole transition to renewable strength is needed on a hard timescale set through weather swap and fossil gasoline depletion. This ebook analyses suggestions for selling renewable strength in the context of a fast strength transition, utilizing case stories from various nations over the last 30 years. Having defined the worldwide context intimately, protecting oil and fuel depletion, weather switch, 3rd global improvement and the potential of renewable strength, the authors overview help mechanisms at nationwide and overseas degrees, supplying readers a transparent realizing of the regulatory framework and a chance to advertise renewable strength successfully. This booklet bargains power coverage makers, renewable strength pros, strength experts and scholars a platform for improvement and a useful learn textual content. Contributing authors contain: Jorg Schindler and Werner Zittel, Ludwig Bohlkow-Systemtechnik, Germany; Ian Rowlands, collage of Waterloo, Canada; Giulio Volpi, WWF Europe; Kristian Hvitfelt Nielsen, Aarhus collage, Denmark; Staffan Jacobsson, Chalmers collage of know-how, Sweden; Peter Connor, college of Warwick, united kingdom; Ole Langniss, Centre of solar power and Hydrogen examine in Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany; Ryan Wiser, Lawrence Berkeley nationwide Laboratory, US; David Elliott, The Open collage, united kingdom; and Frede Hvelplund, Aalborg collage, Denmark
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Extra info for Switching to Renewable Power: A Framework for the 21st Century
Source: Data for Texas: Texas Railroad Commission; other data from Department of Energy – EIA; 2004 data are extrapolated from January to October data; 2004 data for deepwater Gulf of Mexico are LBST estimate; Forecast: LBST. 4 The future oil production profile for the declining US oil regions Only in the deepwater area in the Gulf of Mexico (GoM) can production still be increased, as all other areas have already passed their production maxima. Even production from shallow sites in the GoM is already declining.
9 (p39). Since their development has started it is very likely that over the next few years Angola’s ‘proved’ reserves – as used in BP Statistical Review of World Energy – will increase substantially, as soon as these discoveries are developed and their reserves are categorized as ‘proved reserves’. However, despite these reserve increases, future discoveries will be much smaller following the already visible trends. Presumably, total discoveries in Angola will remain below 20Gb, leaving about 12–15Gb for future production.
Source: For field by field data and forecast; Department of Natural Resources, Division of Oil and Gas (2000) Annual Report. Source for actual data: Department of Energy – Energy Information Administration (2004); The actual production for 2004 is extrapolated including November data. 3 Field by field analysis of oil production in Alaska dampened the rise of oil demand and favoured exploration and production of oil, and also in spite of the announcement of a new energy policy by the government aimed at increasing American oil production.
Switching to Renewable Power: A Framework for the 21st Century by Volkmar Lauber