By Dodson, David W.; Mittendorf, John
The paintings of studying structures makes a speciality of the sensible artwork of studying a development and making use of its confident and destructive attributes in constructing a size-up for fireground operations that heart on constitution fires. First-due corporation officials, incident commanders, and protection officials will have fun with the sensible "street-wise" classes captured within the publication. leader officials, education officials, engineers, firefighters, and fireplace technological know-how measure applicants will enjoy the wide variety of creating building themes lined during this textual content. beneficial properties comprise: comprehend the technical and useful features of establishing building research on-the-spot development development evaluation utilizing the authors' customized quick Street-Read courses increase a short building size-up for instant program to fireground operations realize firefighter traps in more recent and replacement development tools this article covers pursuits for the nationwide hearth Academy's hearth and Emergency companies in better schooling (FESHE) development building for hearth safety direction
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Extra resources for The Art of Reading Buildings
Concrete is then pumped into the forms encasing the steel—creating a reinforced concrete building. Monolithic is derived from the Latin word for single 23 The Art of Reading Buildings stone. Monolithic buildings are typically built one floor at a time. The columns are built ahead of the floors and utilize a slip form, which moves slowly upward as each level is poured (fig. 2–12). Floors are then anchored into cured columns. The floors are built upon a scaffold-like platform (called falsework). Once a floor cures, the falsework is removed and rebuilt on the next level.
From a fire service viewpoint, steel has two weaknesses: it is engineered for very specific applications (thickness, length, shape, and strength) and it softens and elongates when heated. In a fire, steel acts as a collector of heat—it conducts heat readily. Steel loses strength as temperatures increase; the specific range of temperatures at which it loses strength depends on how the steel was manufactured. As a general rule, cold-drawn steel like cables, bolts, rebar, and lightweight fasteners loses 55% of its strength at 800°F.
While most columns in a building are vertical in attitude, it’s important to note that columns can also be diagonal or horizontal. The guiding principle is that a column is compressively loaded 32 Fig. 3–6. Horizontal columns that are compressively loaded through their length Chapter 3 Quick summary •• Buildings are comprised of many structural components that combine to form an enclosure for a given purpose. •• The primary structural elements of a building are foundations, columns, beams, and connections.
The Art of Reading Buildings by Dodson, David W.; Mittendorf, John