By George F. Nafziger
Little has been written concerning the safety of the dominion of Northern Italy, and this can be the 1st research in English to element the two-year clash (1813-1814) in the greater context of the Napoleonic Wars. The French commander liable for the security was once Eugene Beauharnais, stepson of Napoleon and son-in-law of the King of Bavaria. Outnumbered 3 to at least one, Beauharnais fought an exceptional protecting crusade, protecting all of Napoleon's southern entrance whereas Napoleon confronted off opposed to the most allied armies as they invaded France. This used to be in simple terms Beauharnais's 3rd command, and because of his lower than stellar functionality in his prior posts, he had received a negative attractiveness as a pacesetter. Nafziger and Gioannini clarify, although, that during this example Beauharnais proved himself as soon as and for all because the commander of an self sufficient military, protecting some of the most vital components of the French Napoleonic Empire. He made complete use of geography, protecting his military in being, instead of risking it to hunt a call within the box. simply because his stepson held the plains of Italy, Napoleon was once in a position to focus his energies upon the evacuation of Germany and to illustrate his army prowess in France.
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Additional resources for The Defense of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Northern Italy, 1813-1814
In the last few days of June, he had concentrated on the reformation of the 84th and 92nd Line Regiments. Like any other units in the Corps d’Observation d’Italie, these famous regiments were still unequipped and badly clothed. GD Grenier also worked on establishing a rudimentary organization for the artillery, cavalry, and sappers. Despite the strenuous efforts of Euge`ne and his subordinates, rebuilding an army from scratch was not as easy as putting it on paper. 25 According to the Decree of 18 June, the reserve division should be completed by six French battalions of the 47th, 86th, and 122nd Line Regiments.
FML Radivojevich took possession of it without meeting any opposition, as the Croatian garrison left by the French had deserted. From there he detached GM Nugent, with a battalion of the Warasdiner Kreuzer Grenz Regiment and a squadron of the Radetzky Hussars toward Fiume (Rijeka) and Oberst Milutinovich, with a battalion of the Gradiskaner Grenz Regiment against Neustadt (Novo Mesto). Oberst Milutinovich also had orders to occupy Stafzenknoten, through which the road to Agram (Zagreb) and Karlstadt (Karlovac) ran.
In order to arm the insurgents, 12,000 muskets and other military equipment would be sent to the commander of this independent corps. Recognizing the relative weakness of the II Reserve Corps, the Aulic Council suggested to FZM Hiller that he limit himself to defending only the main Alpine passes and keep his troops concentrated so as to be able to move rapidly against the enemy wherever they might attempt a breakthrough, be it Laibach (Ljubljana), Villach, or even the Salzburg region. Bellegarde’s orders to FZM Hiller seemed to mirror the exaggerated concerns of the Aulic Council and the emperor himself.
The Defense of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Northern Italy, 1813-1814 by George F. Nafziger