By Robert A. Garrott, Patrick J. White, Fred G.R. Watson
This booklet is an authoritative paintings at the ecology of a few of America's such a lot iconic huge mammals in a ordinary surroundings - and of the interaction among weather, panorama, and animals within the inside of the world's first and most famed nationwide park.Central Yellowstone comprises the diversity of 1 of the most important migratory populations of bison in North the USA in addition to a special elk herd that is still within the park yr around. those populations reside in a various panorama with seasonal and infrequently severe styles of weather and meals abundance. The reintroduction of wolves into the park a decade in the past ended in clinical and public controversy concerning the impression of enormous predators on their prey, a debate heavily tested within the publication. Introductory chapters describe the geography, geology and plants of the surroundings. The elk and bison are then brought and their inhabitants ecology defined either pre- and put up- wolf advent, allowing useful insights into the demographic and behavioral effects for his or her ungulate prey. next chapters describe the wildlife-human interactions and exhibit how clinical examine can tell the controversy and coverage matters surrounding iciness game in Yellowstone. The booklet closes with a dialogue of the way this ecological wisdom can be utilized to teach the general public, either approximately Yellowstone itself and approximately technology, ecology and the surroundings mostly. Yellowstone nationwide Park exemplifies a few of the at present so much hotly debated and high-profile ecological, flora and fauna administration, and environmental coverage matters and this booklet could have large attraction not just to educational ecologists, but additionally to normal source scholars, managers, biologists, coverage makers, directors and most of the people. * Unrivalled descriptions of ecological procedures in a global well-known environment, in response to details from sixteen years of painstaking box paintings and collaborations between sixty six scientists and technical specialists and 15 graduate reports. * distinct stories of 2 charismatic North American herbivore species - elk and bison* Description of the recovery of wolves into significant Yellowstone and their ecological interactions with their elk and bison prey* Illustrated with a variety of evocative color photos and gorgeous maps
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Extra info for The ecology of large mammals in central Yellowstone: sixteen years of integrated field studies
Dissertation. Montana State University, Bozeman, MT. Keefer, W. R. 1971. The Geologic Story of Yellowstone National Park. S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1347. Marston, R. , and J. E. Anderson. 1991. Watersheds and vegetation of the Greater Yellowstone ecosystem. Conservation Biology 5:338–346. , and D. B. Houston. 1998. Yellowstone and the Biology of Time: Photographs Across a Century. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK. Patten, D. T. 1991. Defining the greater Yellowstone ecosystem.
6A). 6B). Mean annual precipitation varies both with elevation and distance downwind (northeastward) of the Madison and Pitchstone plateaus on the southwestern margins of the study area (Despain 1987; Chapter 3 by Watson and Newman, this volume). On these plateaus, mean annual precipitation is estimated to reach 1900 mm, whereas in the relatively high-elevation Hayden Valley in the east it decreases to about 550 mm. In the lowest elevations of the study area in the Madison drainage, mean annual precipitation decreases to 460 mm.
Tufted hairgrass (Deschampsia cespitosa), silver sage (Artemesia cana), and some Idaho fescue (Festuca idahoensis). Dry meadows are characterized more by Idaho fescue and big sagebrush (Artemesia tridentata). , Madison Canyon, Gibbon Meadow, Nez Perce Creek, stretches of the Firehole River, topographic lows in the Hayden Valley, and much of the Pelican Valley). Dry meadows occur on better-drained, slightly elevated sites such as the higher points in the Hayden Valley and most of Cougar Meadow.
The ecology of large mammals in central Yellowstone: sixteen years of integrated field studies by Robert A. Garrott, Patrick J. White, Fred G.R. Watson