By William Petit Jr., Christine Adamec
The endocrine method comprises the adrenal glands, the hypothalamus, the pancreas, the parathyroid, the pineal gland, the pituitary gland, the ovaries, the testicles, and the thyroid, all of that are actively excited by significant and minor existence approaches. thousands of individuals within the U.S. be afflicted by endocrine illnesses and problems, together with numerous million who've hyperactive thyroids and sixteen million with diabetes. The Encyclopedia of Endocrine illnesses and problems is a whole consultant to the endocrine process and every thing relating to it. together with either significant and minor concerns, numerous hundred precise entries conceal remedies, medicines, signs, health problems, social concerns, anatomy, and lots more and plenty extra. entire in scope, this obtainable encyclopedia comprises appendixes directory helpful assets, corporations and institutions, and guides. reading a wide range of alternative future health themes in transparent and concise language, The Encyclopedia of Endocrine ailments and issues is a crucial reference for individuals of every age.
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Extra info for The Encyclopedia of Endocrine Diseases and Disorders (Facts on File Library of Health and Living)
2 (February 1998): 208–211. D. ” New England Journal of Medicine 335, no. 16 (October 17, 1996): 1,208–1,212. Ten, Svetlana, Maria New, and Noel MacLaren. ” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 86, no. 7 (2001): 2,909–2,922. 8 adolescents adolescents Individuals who are either undergoing or who have recently undergone puberty, usually in the age range of about 12–17 years. Adolescents are prone to many of the same endocrine diseases as children or adults. However, they are at risk for some diseases more specific to their age group (although the risk is still low).
Secondary hyperaldosteronism is a more common condition than primary hyperaldosteronism. Possible causes, in addition to hypertension, include heart failure, cirrhosis of the liver, or nephrotic syndrome. This ailment is caused by increased levels of aldosterone that have been induced by low blood pressure or other factors that may impair blood flow and/or the delivery of salt to the kidney. When this occurs, the kidney increases the production of aldosterone in an attempt to save salt and water and thus restore normal blood pressure and blood flow to the kidneys.
If adrenal insufficiency is suspected, the Cortrosyn (cosyntropin) stimulation test should be performed. The patient’s blood CORTISOL level is measured and then Cortrosyn (synthetic ACTH) is given intramuscularly or intravenously. The patient’s cortisol blood levels are again measured in 30 minutes and, on occasion, in 60 minutes. There is some debate about what constitutes a normal response. However, most experts think that the 30-minute level should be greater than 20 mcg/dl or the difference between the baseline test and the 30-minute levels should be greater than 12 mcg/dl.
The Encyclopedia of Endocrine Diseases and Disorders (Facts on File Library of Health and Living) by William Petit Jr., Christine Adamec