By Elias G. Carayannis, George M. Korres
Some of the most vital fiscal occasions in fresh a long time has been the on-going means of eu integration.
This booklet presents a simple but rigorous figuring out of the present concerns and difficulties of monetary integration and innovation in Europe, and argues that nationwide or neighborhood financial improvement relies often on technical swap, social and human capital, and data construction and diffusion this can be sincerely obtrusive within the position of the Quadruple Innovation Helix of presidency, collage, and civil society. Uniquely, the e-book examines the numerous facets and results of the mixing procedure which are vague or as but under-researched.
The authors discover quite a lot of themes, methodologies and views with a view to offer a stimulating and wide-ranging analyses. The Innovation Union in Europe should be of curiosity to scholars, fiscal theorists, empirical and social scientists, coverage makers, in addition to the educated common reader.
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Additional info for The Innovation Union in Europe: A Socio-Economic Perspective on EU Integration (Science, Innovation, Technology and Entrepreneurship series)
Strategiemuster für entwickelte Wirtschaftssysteme’, Wirtschaftspolitische Blätter, 47(2), 130–43. J. (2001), ‘Politische Steuerung über öffentliche Förderung universitärer Forschung? Systemtheoretische Überlegungen zu Forschungs-und Technologiepolitik’, Österreichische Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft, 30(4), 425–38. J. 98–131. J. (2005), ‘Demokratie, Demokratiequalität und Grundrechte: Ein Vergleich der Fiedler-und EU-Verfassung’, Vienna: unpublished manuscript. Campbell, David F. J. (2006a), ‘The university/business research networks in science and technology: knowledge production trends in the United States, European Union and Japan’, in Elias G.
In the 2000s, global competition within the triad of the USA, Japan and the EU escalated further, with China and India emerging as new competitors in the global context. In a nutshell, increasing economic competition and intrinsic knowledge demands challenged the linear innovation model. 24 The innovation union in Europe As a consequence, we can observe a significant proliferation of non- linear innovation models. There are several approaches to non-linear innovation models. 716; see also Carayannis and Alexander, 2006), emphasizes the importance of feedback between the different R&D stages.
What results is a first-then relationship, with the universities and/or basic research being responsible for generating the new waves of knowledge creation that are later taken over by business, and where business carries the final responsibility for the commercialization and marketing of R&D. National (multi-level) innovation systems, operating primarily on the premises of this linear innovation model, obviously would be disadvantaged: the time horizon for a whole R&D cycle to reach the markets could be quite extensive (with negative consequences for an economy operating in the context of rapidly intensifying global competition).
The Innovation Union in Europe: A Socio-Economic Perspective on EU Integration (Science, Innovation, Technology and Entrepreneurship series) by Elias G. Carayannis, George M. Korres