By Seiichiro Yonekura
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Additional info for The Japanese Iron and Steel Industry, 1850–1990: Continuity and Discontinuity
Shako Seisak11shi, vol. 17, Tekko~yo (Tokyo: Shoko Seisakushi Kankokai, 1970), pp. 39, 97. 77 per cent in Sweden during the same period. 2). 3). Because of unfair treaties with the Western countries in the late Tokugawa period, Japan had no complete tariff autonomy until 1911, and it was quite difficult for Japanese entrepreneurs to establish domestic plants to compete with steel imports, even in their own market. 27 Under these circumstances, the traditional Tatara factory's production declined, and no attempt to establish a modern iron and steel works was made except for one speculative plan in 1888.
9 Moreover, developing countries and the more heavily planned economies in the socialist sphere have all protected their own industries. Despite such efforts, however, protection of the steel industry has not always worked so well. 10 It is not enough, therefore, to point to governmental aids as the reason for the successful development of the industry in Japan. Furthermore, it should be noted that those kinds of protectionist measures often hindered the development of other industries, such as shipbuilding, automobiles, and so on.
The Meiji Emperor stated: In matters of national defense, just one day's delay might cause a hundred year's worth of regret. ' Given the overwhelming influence of the Meiji Emperor at that time and his willingness to reduce his royal expense for the budget, there was no way for the Opposition Party to resist. The budgets for the warships and for the research for the steel works were completely restored. Soon afterwards, the government organised the Temporary Committee for Research on Iron and Steel Production, which also conducted research on the failure of Kamaishi, as mentioned earlier.
The Japanese Iron and Steel Industry, 1850–1990: Continuity and Discontinuity by Seiichiro Yonekura