By Transportation Research Board National Research Council
TRB particular record 279 - The Marine Transportation process and the Federal function: Measuring functionality, concentrating on development calls upon the U.S. division of Transportation (DOT) to take the lead in assessing the functionality of and bettering the nation's whole marine transportation approach. particularly, the record recommends that the DOT may still commence instantly to strengthen stories at the situation, functionality, and use of the marine transportation procedure and search a mandate from Congress to provide such reviews regularly, because it already does for the nation's road and transit platforms.
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Extra resources for The Marine Transportation System and the Federal Role: Measuring Performance, Targeting Improvement (Special Report (National Research Council (U.S.). Transportation Research Board), 279.)
Hubs, or load centers, were established as transfer points where traffic arriving from many different origins and headed toward many different destinations (some transcontinental) could be consolidated to increase vehicle capacity utilization (load factor). Gateway seaports became natural hubs for this activity, especially for intermodal container traffic. The scheduling and pricing flexibility permitted by deregulation allowed trucking companies and railroads to greatly expand the size of their networks connected to container ports, partly though network integration, marketing alliances, and long-term service contracts (TRB 1992, 21–23; TRB 1993, 33–34; Gallamore 1999, 515).
The committee gave the most attention to the following: 1. Reviewing the federal programs related to the MTS, the national interests that these programs are intended to serve, and the degree of coordination that takes place to meet and balance these interests; 2. , demands related to the environment, safety, and security); and 3. Comparing the federal government’s roles and responsibilities for marine transportation with its roles and responsibilities for other modes of transportation, including the scope and locus of federal involvement, funding approaches, and means by which program priorities are determined.
With greater flexibility to restructure their networks, add and shift capacity, compete for customers, and set rates, railroads and trucking companies began acting more like logistics companies. They integrated their operations to achieve economies of scale and scope and to provide shippers with transportation services from origin to final destination (Gallamore 1999; Chilcote 1988). Hence, at virtually the same time that international trade and demand for container movements were escalating, the transportation industry as a whole was increasingly able and compelled by competition to offer new kinds of services and to introduce technologies that improved service quality and reduced cost.
The Marine Transportation System and the Federal Role: Measuring Performance, Targeting Improvement (Special Report (National Research Council (U.S.). Transportation Research Board), 279.) by Transportation Research Board National Research Council