The Monks of Tiron: A Monastic Community and Religious by Dr Kathleen Thompson PDF

By Dr Kathleen Thompson

ISBN-10: 1107021243

ISBN-13: 9781107021242

This ebook deals the 1st finished background of the order of Tiron. As a different survey of the Tironensian adventure it sheds new mild on conventional assumptions of twelfth-century monastic background. prior sketches were formed by means of the lifetime of the founder, the Vita Bernardi, which depicts the forests of western France teeming with holy males, and that self-image of hermit preachers within the desolate tract has been deeply influential within the historiography of twelfth-century reform. Drawing from the newest advances within the figuring out of hagiography and institutional reminiscence, Thompson reinterprets key assets to supply a helpful contribution to the heritage of monasticism. She outlines the quick dissemination of the Tironensian strategy within the first thirty years of its life, its community of contacts with the lay elite and the impression at the Tironensians of the successes of the Cistercians and Mendicants.

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Extra resources for The Monks of Tiron: A Monastic Community and Religious Reform in the Twelfth Century

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Orderic’s narrative is important because it is the fullest surviving account of Bernard’s life and approach to monastic reform to be written before the Vita. In many respects the two works are in agreement; Orderic is, for example, emphatic that the reason for Bernard’s departure from Poitiers was his conflict with the Cluniacs and he outlines Bernard’s principled stand in the papal court at Rome. He is silent about the outcome of the appeal to Rome, however, and moves quickly on to the foundation of Tiron.

He subsequently became prior of Saint-Savin in the time of Abbot Gervase. Bernard and his abbot disagreed about simony and Abbot Gervase left the house on Bernard’s advice, departing with a brotherly blessing for Bernard. Then there is a sentence about the death of an opponent of Bernard, who supported Gervase and was seized by a demon. The narrative now turns to a vision granted to Bernard of the monks who had formerly inhabited the house. The monks foretell the death of eighteen brothers and when Bernard informs his monks, one monk laughs; this monk is the first to die.

So, while the Brevis descriptio contains many elements that are familiar from the Vita, it is no mere summary of the Vita; it is an alternative life of Bernard of Tiron and its discovery is profoundly important for Tironensian studies. We have already seen how the successive accounts of William of Malmesbury, Orderic Vitalis, Robert of Torigny and William of Newburgh demonstrate that the story of Bernard evolved during the twelfth century. From the very bare narrative of the wandering abbot whose settlement in the Perche attracted many followers, which William of Malmesbury offers, it became a much more elaborate story.

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The Monks of Tiron: A Monastic Community and Religious Reform in the Twelfth Century by Dr Kathleen Thompson

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