By David M. Glantz
As huge and implementing because it was once on paper in 1941, the Soviet Union's
military strength constitution proved a bulky and inept army strength ill-equipped to
contest the attempted and demonstrated Wehrmacht. dimension by myself couldn't atone for shortsighted
strategic management, clumsy mobilization, rigid command on the operational and
tactical degrees, and ill-trained and ill-equipped squaddies within the box. The Wehrmacht
savaged the purple military throughout the first six months of battle, in so doing actually wrecking
both its prewar recommendations for waging conflict and armed forces forces. confronted with calamity after
calamity, the crimson military recoiled, buying and selling land and soldiers' lives for time.
In the top, a mix of things approved the Soviet Union and its crimson Army
to live on. First, the German military tried to struggle a battle within the immensity of Eastern
Europe with strategic and operational concepts higher suited for the constrained confines of
Western Europe. as a result, it used to be in poor health ready to deal with stipulations within the colossal territorial
expanses of the Soviet Union. moment, over the top German ambitiousness and a nearly
congenital lack of ability to outline certain and possible strategic ambitions mixed to
confound the skills of the even such a lot proficient of German box commanders. Time and
again, the German scuffling with machine's achieve surpassed its clutch. 3rd, even supposing the
Soviet's mobilization process was once clumsy, as soon as set in movement, it was once inexorable. It
produced wave after wave of latest armies, which, even if usually scarcely precious of the
lofty identify, many times refilled the purple Army's depleted order of conflict now and then whilst the
Germans have been confident the Soviets have been right down to their final battalions. the very fact was once that
quantity did topic, either materially and psychologically. even if susceptible they have been, the
very life and the shock visual appeal of diverse new Soviet armies disconcerted
German commanders and proved that amount had a high quality of its own.
The fourth, and most vital issue, was once the Soviet political and military
leadership's skill to regulate to nasty truth. regardless of its huge preliminary failings,
circumstances themselves impelled the Soviet strategic management, largely Stalin and
the Stavka (headquarters of the very best excessive Command), to acknowledge that wholesale
changes have been required within the approach during which it deliberate for and waged battle.
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Additional resources for The Red Army in 1943: Strength, Organization, and Equipment
Existed on 22 June 1941 decreased in number sharply after the outbreak of war. fronts. By late 1942, the seven remaining military districts ceased dispatching full formations and units to the front, and instead focused on mobilizing personnel replacements for existing forces. In mid-1943 the number of military districts began expending as the Red Army's forces liberated occupied Soviet territory. The composition of the military districts varied widely depending on their strategic importance as shown by figures 14 and 15.
Tank Regiment 1440th Self-Propelled Artillery Regiment 60th Sep. Armored Train Battalion 27th Gun Artillery Brigade 33d Gun Artillery Brigade 628th Gun Artillery Regiment 27th Antitank Artillery Brigade 28th Antitank Artillery Brigade 1st Guards Army (Southwestern Front) 6th Guards Rifle Corps 57th Guards Rifle Division 53d Rifle Division 195th Rifle Division 33 d Rifle Corps 50th Rifle Division 230th Rifle Division 243d Rifle Division 253d Rifle Brigade 44th Guards Rifle Division 60th Guards Rifle Division 16th Guards Tank Regiment (1st GMC) 17th Guards Tank Regiment (1st GMC) 16th Sep.
Armored Car Battalion 4gth Guards Rifle Division 62d Guards Rifle Division 5th Mechanized Corps 3d Guards Motorcycle Regiment 56th Sep. Motorcycle Battalion 4 7th Guards Rifle Division 54th Guards Rifle Division 321 st Rifle Division 16 11 lth Rifle Division l 60th Rifle Division l 84th Rifle Division 37th Rifle Brigade gth Artillery Division l l 72d Antitank Regiment 1245th Antitank Regiment 15th Sep. Guards-mortar Brigade 62d Guards-mortar Regiment 97th Guards-mortar Regiment 31 Sth Guards-mortar Regiment 71 st Antiaircraft Artillery Regiment 470th Antiaircraft Artillery Regiment 3 l 9th Antiaircraft Artillery Regiment l 82d Sep.
The Red Army in 1943: Strength, Organization, and Equipment by David M. Glantz